Early Modern Cartographic Resources on the World Wide
- Oddens's Bookmarks: The Fascinating World of Maps and Mapping Nearly every website that deals with maps will refer its viewers to Oddens's Bookmarks at some point, and for good reason: Roelof Oddens of the University of Utrecht has more than 6,250 links (and counting) indexed on this site -- ranging from the ancient to the modern, the local to the universal. Oddens updates this page every day or two, adds new links, and lists them by date added to allow for easy review. Of particular interest to EMLS readers will be Maps and Atlases - Old.
- MapHist: E-mail discussion group on the history of cartography An excellent resource for exchanging ideas. An illustration page enhances the discussion and a searchable CD-ROM is available of archived discussions.
- The Atlas Blaeu-van der Hem Amsterdam lawyer Laurens van der Hem (1621-1678) used Blaeu's Atlas Maior as the basis for an ambitious collection of maps and topographical drawings. He augmented Blaeu's work with over 1800 maps, charts, architectural prints, townscapes, and portraits, to compile a unique forty-six volume atlas now held at the Austrian National Library in Vienna. This site provides a description of the first of a five-volume complete catalogue of the Atlas Blaeu-van der Hem, a brief history of the book's ownership, and a summary of the competition in the productions of atlases in the seventeenth century.
- British Library Cartographic Publications Available through the British Library Bookshop (e-mail address given).
- Globi Neerlandici: The Production of Globes in the Low Countries A summary of Peter van der Krogt's book (1993). The summary is translated from the dissertation version (University of Utrecht, 1989) and offers an abbreviated history of globe making.
- HES Publishers BV History of Cartography titles.
- Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, New Edition. Compiled by Peter van der Krogt. This site describes the production of C. Koeman's six-volume bibliography of terrestrial, maritime, and celestial atlases and pilot books published in the Netherlands up to 1880 (1967-1985) as well as the process of updating this work in ten volumes, to be completed by 2006. The scope of each of the ten volumes is enumerated. The discussion "What is an atlas?" is particularly interesting.
- Literature from the Map History/History of Cartography Page, compiled by Tony Campbell, Map Librarian, British Library. Includes a fine list of "books to get you into the subject," general bilbiographies, biographical dictionaries, and works on theory and interpretation.
- Map Collector Publications Search for books by subject or continent.
- Mercator's World Bookshop A good selection of postcards, books, and accessories for antique map lovers (magnifiers, miniature globes, address books). Includes some items from the British Library and the Huntington Library as well as classics in the history of cartography.
- University of Chicago Press: books in cartography and geography The most recent books in the field from the University of Chicago Press, with links to other parts of their catalogue.
- Cartography - Calendar of Exhibitions This calendar is updated regularly by John W. Docktor.
- Awestruck by the Majesty of the Heavens: Artistic Perspectives from the Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum, History of Astronomy Collection A fine collection of celestial maps with explanatory essay, thumbnails, larger maps, and closeup detail maps. This exhibit ran 18 January through 23 March 1997 at the Chicago Cultural Center and was curated by Anna Felicity Friedman of the Adler. A 40-page printed catalogue with 12 color plates and 20 black and white plates (some not shown in the virtual site) is also available through the site (on the Credits, Copyright & Communications page).
- Bodleian Library Map Case Gallery of Images (Oxford) A selection of nine maps from the Bodleian Library Map Room. Thumbnails are clickable to full-sized images that you can view and download for personal use.
- Cartes des Ameriques dans les Collections de la Bibliotheque Royale Albert I (Brussels) This page originated in an exhibition that ran from 13 November to 31 December 1992. It includes sections on maps of 1) The World and the Americas (Ptolemy, Frederick de Wit, Ortelius, Mercator, and Blaeu); 2) South and Central America (Coronelli, Doncker, Blaeu, and some eighteenth century maps); 3) North America (with few early maps displayed but many discussed, a happy exception being Braun and Hogenberg's map of Mexico City). Each of the three sections has a list of relevant maps leading to longer discussions, some with thumbnails leading to multi-screen JPEG images and informative explanations. An excellent introduction and bibliography of scholarly articles on each of the maps is provided by Hossam Elkhadem, the Head of the Section des Cartes et Plans. (The exhibition material is in French; the library site itself is available in a choice of Dutch, English, or French).
- Heritage Map Museum Viewing Gallery Many antiquarian maps are displayed on this gallery attached to a commercial site. (Note: a recent disk crash (6/1/98) has temporarily reduced the number of images available.
- "In thy map securely saile": Maps, Atlases, Charts, and Globes from the Lawrence H. Slaughter Collection. An online version of the exhibition on view at The New York Public Library, Fifth Ave and 42nd Street, from October 24, 1998 through March 20, 1999. The exhibit focuses on the 17th- and 18th-century exploration and development of the "New World." The site includes a complete exhibition checklist of 100 items along with web images of 20 of the items. Wonderful!
- Jerusalem in Old Maps and Views Hosted by the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this site traces the long succession of maps of Israel and Jerusalem. Focusing on the centrality of Jerusalem in religion, cartography, and imagination, this is a wonderful on-line resource for those interested in the evolution of mapping and the development of this city. Includes mosaics, parchment scrolls, manuscript, psalter, and printed maps that depict Jerusalem and its surroundings schematically, symbolically, pictorially, and imaginatively, depending on the particular purpose for which the map was made.
- Mapping the Earth and the Heavens: The Art of the Mapmaker (British Library) An online exhibit of several maps from ancient to modern times that were part of a major exhibition in 1995 that traced the history of some of the challenges of determining the shape of the earth and the cosmos. The exhibition was comprised of more than one hundred maps, books, and artefacts; it detailed the progress of scientific knowledge, art, mythology, and symbolism in reconciling man's relationship to the world and the universe. The books listed for further reading give an excellent sense of the exhibit as a whole, which I was fortunate in being able to see.
- Maps of Spain from the Enggass Collection, Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education. This exhibit traces the cartographic history of Iberia from 1486 to 1829. A wonder ful online version of the exhibit at the University of Southern Maine, from 2 September 1998 to 13 February 1999. Forty-five maps in gif and JPEG format displayed and described. Maps by Waldseemüller, Ortelius, Hondius, Speed, Waghenaer, deWit, Seller, Blaeu, and Robert Dudley are among the maps of the early modern period represented here. An excellent resource.
- Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education "Africa: A Continet Revealed," A Traveling Exhibit at the Osher Map Library from January 24thto May 17th, 1998 (a checklist of the maps on exhibit as well as the owners (many of the early maps are from the collection of Michael B. Toth).
- Out of This World: The Golden Age of the Celestial Atlas (Linda Hall Library, Kansas City, Missouri) An exquisite site containing forty-three star atlases and maps from the period 1482 to 1851. Includes maps from the "grand" celestial atlas Uranometria by Johan Bayer (1603) and parts of Andreas Cellarius's monumental Harmonia macrocosmica (1661). 116 web pages, thumbnails (50-60 KB) and high resolution images (150-250 KB), many in color. Very interesting text.
Events, Lectures, Conferences & Meetings
[external link maintained by John W. Docktor] [top]
[external link] [top]
JournalsCartographica Helvetica: Journal on the History of CartographyThis journal, published by the working group of the History of Cartography of the Swiss Society of Cartography, is a German language publication with summaries available online in English, French, and German. A few recent articles of interest:Caert-Thresoor: Journal for the history of cartography in the Netherlands
Volume 17, January 1998
Volume 16, July 1997
- Heinz, Markus und Cornelia Reiter: "Asiae descriptio" und Jüngstes Gericht - Beispiel für die Zweitverwendung einer Kupferplatte von Ortelius. ["Asiae descriptio" and the Last Judgement Summary]
- Kupcík, Ivan : Handgezeichnete Kopie der Apian-Karte von Bayern des Dominicus Franciscus Calin (um 1661). [Manuscript copy of the Apian Map of Bavaria, drawn by Dominicus Franciscus Calin (around 1661) Summary]
Volume 15, January 1997
- Meurer, Peter H.: Eine Rechnung für eine Kartenlieferung des Hauses Fugger an Alonso de Santa Cruz von 1546. [Invoice for a map delivery by the Fugger trading company, 1546 Summary]
- Sieber-Lehmann, Claudius: Albrecht von Bonstettens geographische Darstellung der Schweiz. [The first geographical description of Switzerland by Albrecht von Bonstetten, 1479 Summary]
Volumes 13 & 14, 1996
- Dürst, Arthur: Die Planvedute der Stadt Zürich von Jos Murer, 1576. [Town plan of Zurich from Jos Murer, 1576 Summary]
- Eisenstein, Herbert: Islamische Weltkarten des 16. Jahrhunderts. [Islamic world maps of the 16th century Summary]
Volumes 11 & 12, 1995
- Dorffner, Lionel: Der digitale Behaim-Globus - Visualisierung und Vermessung des historisch wertvollen Originals. Volltext (Deutsch) [Summary]
- Meurer, Peter H.: Cartographica in den Frankfurter Messekatalogen Georg Willers von 1564 bis 1592. Beiträge zur kartographiegeschichtlichen Quellenkunde I. [Cartographica in the Frankfurt fair catalogues from 1564 until 1592 by Georg Willer Summary]
- Milz, Joseph: Der Duisburger Stadtplan von 1566 des Johannes Corputius und seine Vermessungsgrundlagen. Summary
- Strübin Rindisbacher, Johanna: Vermessungspläne von Joseph Plepp (1595-1642), dem bernischen Werkmeister, Maler und Kartenverfasser. Summary
- Grosjean, Georges: Karte des bernischen Staatsgebietes 1638 von Joseph Plepp. Summary
- McIntosh, Gregory C.: Christoph Kolumbus und die Piri-Re'is-Karte von 1513. Summary
- Krogt, Peter van der: Das Plenilunium des Michael Florent van Langren. Die erste Mondkarte mit Namenseinträgen. SummaryCaert-Thresoor has been published four times per year since 1981; the language of the publication is Dutch with summaries available in English. The web site lists contents and summaries from 1995-1998 in Dutch and EnglishImago Mundi: The International Journal for the History of Cartography
Articles of interest to readers of EMLS from 1998 (Vol 17, no. 1):
1997 (Vol 16, nos. 1-4):
- Jan Werner, Vier eeuwen terug in de tijd: een terugblik op het jaar 1598 [Four centuries back in time: a retrospective view on the year 1598] (pp. 1-3) (English summary).
- Lenny Veltman, Een atlas in pocketformaat: Den Nederlandtschen Landtspiegel van Zacharias Heyns [A pocket atlas: Den Nederlandtschen Landtspiegel by Zacharias Heyns] (pp.11-17) (English summary).
- Ronald Sluijter, Johannes Dou (1615-1682), landmeter van Rijnland [Johannes Dou (1615-1682): surveyor of the Water Board of Rijnland] (pp. 1-9) (English summary).
- Joost Augusteijn, De plattegronden van Nederlandse steden uitgegeven door Covens en Mortier [The Dutch town plans published by Covens and Mortier] (pp.11-17) (English summary).
- Rienk Vermij, Nederlandse wereldkaarten en het stelsel van Copernicus in de 17de eeuw [Dutch world-maps and the Copernican system in the seventeenth century] (pp. 33-40) (English summary)
- H.A.M. van der Heijden, Een Spaans lesje in Nederlandse historische kartografie [A Spanish lesson in Dutch history of cartography] (pp. 42-43) (English summary)
- Henk van der Heijden, Het oudste kaartje van het Hertogdom Brabant? [The oldest map of the Duchy of Brabant] (pp. 67-69). (English summary)
- Anton Berkhemer, De Spaanse Atlas Mayor van Blaeu: nieuwe gegevens [The Spanish Atlas Mayor by Blaeu: New data] (pp. 71-76). (English summary)
- W.E. Penning, Balthasar Florisz. van Berckenrode en de plattegrondjes in het Theatrum van Boxhorn [Balthasar Florisz. van Berckenrode and the town plans in Boxhorn's Theatrum] (pp. 85-87). (English summary)
- Eric Schliesser, Van Nierops paskaart van Europa in een rapport van Christiaan Huygens [Van Nierop's chart of Europe in a report of Christaan Huygens] (pp. 93-95). (English summary)
- Jet Pijzel-Domisse, Wie herkent de kaarten uit de miniatuur boekjes van een 17de-eeuws poppenhuis? [Who identifies the maps out of miniature-books from a 17th-century doll's house?] (pp. 93-95). (English summary)
[Contents and Summaries 1996] [Contents and Summaries 1995]Solely concerned with the study of early maps, articles in Imago Mundi are in English, with tri-lingual abstracts in the printed volumes. Illustrated, with reference sections on current developments in the field, book reviews, bibliography, and a chronicle of news in the past year (exhibitions, meetings, acquisitons) from 25 national representatives. Published annually, subscription and submission information provided. The web site lists tables of contents of volumes 34 through 50 (1993-1998).Map Collector Magazine Back Issues
The following articles from the current issue (Vol 50) may be of particular interest to EMLS readers:
Articles from Volume 49:
- Catherine Delano Smith, Editorial (marking the 50th volume, looking back and "looking around" at changes in the journal and in cartographic scholarship. Link to full text of the editorial)
- Barbara E. Mundy. Mapping the Aztec Capital: The 1524 Nuremberg Map of Tenochtitlan, Its Sources and Meanings. p.11- Abstract
- Kirsten A. Seaver. Norumbega and Harmonia Mundi in Sixteenth-Century Cartography. p.34- Abstract
- Giorgio Mangani. Abraham Ortelius and the Hermetic Meaning of the Cordiform Projection. p.59- Abstract
Articles from Volume 48:
- John Norden (c.1547-1625): Estate Surveyor, Topographer, County Mapmaker and Devotional Writer. Frank Kitchen. Vol. 49, p.43, Abstract.
- The Environs Map: Vienna and Its Surroundings c.1600-c.1850. Jan Mokre. Vol. 49, p.90, Abstract
Selected Papers from the 16th International Conference on the History of Cartography (Vienna, 1995):
- David Turnbull, "Cartography and Science in Early Modern Europe: Mapping the Construction of Knowledge Spaces." Abstract
- Evelyn Edson, "World Maps and Easter Tables: Medieval Maps in Context." Abstract
- Marica Milanesi, "A Forgotten Ptolemy: Harley Codex 3686 in the British Library." Abstract
- Lilian Armstrong, "Benedetto Bordon, 'Miniator', and Cartography in Early Sixteenth-Century Venice." Abstract
- Tony Campbell, "Egerton MS 1513: A Remarkable Display of Cartographic Invention." Abstract
- Brigitte Englisch, "Erhard Etzlaub's Projection and Methods of Mapping." Abstract
- Francesca Fiorani "Post-Tridentine 'Geographia Sacra'. The Galleria delle Carte Geografiche in the Vatican Palace." Abstract
- Peter Van Der Krogt, "Amsterdam Atlas Production in the 1630s: A Bibliographer's Nightmare." Abstract
- Matthew H. Edney, "Theory and the History of Cartography." Abstract
- Christian Jacob, "Towards a Cultural History of Cartography." Abstract
- Catherine Delano Smith, "Why Theory in the History of Cartography?" AbstractPublished between 1977 and 1996. All issues are available (74 issues were published) except 12, 13, 18, 22, 25, 28. Some issues deeply discounted.MapForum.Com: A Periodical for Antique Map CollectorsThe lovely inaugural issue of MapForum.Com appeared January 1999. This online journal seeks to appeal to the novice as well as the experienced collector. The current issue includes a "beginner's guide" entitled "The Joy of Maps," a biography of John Ogilby, an article on "The Earliest Atlases," a collation of a Lafreri/IATO Atlas, and an auction report.Mercator's World, The Magazine of Maps, Exploration, and Discovery
An on-line version of the print journal with the full table of contents and several feature articles online from each issue, and archives back to 1996 (Volume 1). The site is searchable and includes interesting links. You can also subscribe to the printed journal on line or order gifts and books from the Mercator's World Marketplace.The Portolan
Several articles from recent issues might be of interest to EMLS readers (links are to the full texts of the articles at Mercator's World):
- The Female Landscape by Darby Lewes An overview of somatotopic maps and their ideological underpinnings.
- "The Topography of the Sky: Celestial Maps Gave Order to the Universe" by Peter Whitfield An excellent history of celestial mapping. (Peter Whitfield's book The Mapping of the Heavens is available through the Marketplace Bookshop).
- "The Age of Unreason: Cartographic Blunders of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries" by Derek Nelson The inaccuracy of early maps that is attributable to primitive tools and printing techniques, lack of knowledge, and dependence on second-hand accounts are overshadowed by wishful thinking, superstition, and myth in this essay.
- "Albertin de Virga and the Far North" by Kirsten A. Seaver The Virga map has been missing since 1932; here, a historian examines the map's history and speculates on what the map depicted in its northwestern corner.
- "The Todhunter-Allen Collection" by Pamela Dryburgh A discussion of the collection of 10,000 maps in 1,000 volumes amassed by George Eldred Holmes Allen and Hugh Todhunter, donated to the Bodleian Library in 1987. Work is now being undertaken to catalogue the collection and to publish an index to it (it was partially catalogued by Allen). County atlases, county maps, and maps of England and Wales are highlights of the collection.The Journal of the Washington Map Society. The site contains contents for Issues 1-43 (1984-1999), contacts for subscriptions and back issues.
British Library JournalSpecial cartographic issue. Volume 22 / Number 1 / Spring 1996: "Images and Icons of the New World: Essays on American Cartography," Edited by Karen Severud Cook.More JournalsA listing by subject and location within the topics of geography and cartography, beyond those of historical scope listed above. (Geosource web site, maintained by Jeroen Bosman of the Library Centre Uithof (BCU), Utrecht University, The Netherlands.[top]
[external link to MapHist e-mail discussion group in the history of Cartography, maintained by Peter van der Krogt]
Other Sites of Interest
- Miscellaneous essays on antique maps, their printing, and the implications of distribution of maps on the Internet
- Personal web sites with map links or scanned images
- Essays on browsing; primer on using the World Wide Web
- Image Gallery of Antiquarian Maps
- Antique Maps and Prints: How They Were Printed A good introduction to early printing methods (woodcuts, line engraving, etching) with a list of some terms found on the face of antique maps.
- Beginners' Central For novices to the World Wide Web, Northern Webs provides individual learning units from getting started, to searching, bookmarking, saving graphics, and downloading programs. Sections on e-mail, usenet groups, FTP, Telnet, and more.
- Bibliography: Scholarship on Mappaemundi and Early Printed World Maps An excellent bibliography complied by Dr. Andrew Gow and Dr. Jolanta Pekacz (Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta).
- Cartography and the Internet: Implications for Modern Cartography by Michael P. Peterson. Besides delivering on its promise to discuss modern implications, this paper also offers a good introduction to the Internet, including a primer, FAQs, and glossary of web terms.
- Cartographic Images This page, maintained as part of Jim Siebold's homepage, displays many ancient and medieval maps and describes many more. Unfortunately because of the lack of a sponsor, the Renaissance Map Images have recently been dropped; many excellent medieval images are available, however.
- Collage: An new image database containing 20,000 works from the Guildhall Library and Guildhall Art Gallery London that includes 371 maps of London of all vintages. The site is searchable and equiped with shopping basket technology for ordering prints. Maps by Braun and Hogenberg, Ralph Agas, John Norden, and others.
- Discoverers Web A comprehensive collection of links dealing with voyages of discovery and exploration. Organized by country of origin, destination, and explorer. Maintained by Andre Engels of the Technical University Eindhoven (TEU), the Netherlands.
- Glossary of Cartographic Terms The Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, The University of Texas at Austin. Very useful.
- Historic Maps of Dutch Cartographers This site is part of the home page of George M. Welling, assistant professor at Groningen University. It features thirty-five Dutch city maps from Blaeu's Toonneel der Steden (1652); Janssonius's map of the Netherlands (1658) available in super JPEG format with separate details of the modern provinces; several images from Jacob Aertsz Colom's De Vyerighe Colom, and images from Braun and Hogenberg. Images are available in gif and JPEG formats.
- How to Use Web Search Engines ("The Spider's Apprentice") Useful tips for beginner and intermediate searchers.
- Links for the History of Cartography by Matthew Edney, University of Southern Maine. Includes on-line library catalogues, books, exhibitions, interactive maps, and general academic sites. An on-line exhibition on The Columbus Letter may be of interest to EMLS readers.
- Lycos Image Gallery of Antiquarian Maps As the name implies, this site is an image gallery -- with little text. Thumbnail maps lead to nice enlargements, identified by mapmaker, date, and subject. Maps by Johannes Blaeu, Geroge Braun and Fran Hogenberg, John Speed, Claudius Ptolemy, John Norden, Jan Jansson, Waghenaer, Jodocus Hondius, Christopher Saxton, Humphrey Lloyd, Theodore de Bry, and Jan Baptist Vrients. Unfortunately the images and organization of the site changes rather frequently (as they did while I was organizing these links). Click below for specific section, or click on "Lycos Image Gallery" (above) to browse the entire site.
Africa | Americas | Asia | Australia | Europe | United States | World
- Mercator Publications: The Mercator Years 1994 and 1995: A Review A bibliography (from Caert-Thresoor, 1996) provided by Peter van der Krogt of papers presented in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the publication of Mercator's Atlas.
- Odden's Bookmarks: The Fascinating World of Maps and Mapping More than 5,000 links to map websites dealing with every kind of map imaginable. Excellent links.
- Origins of the Compass Rose Symbology A brief essay on the subject by Bill Thoen.
- Jan Vermeer paintings that feature maps & globes
- The Artist in His Studio / Le peintre dans son atelier
- The Astronomer / L'Astronome
- The Geographer / Le Geographe
Tips for Finding Early Modern Cartographic Resources on the World Wide Web: Working Within the Net
Bookmarks (also known as "favorites")
Change and the difference it makes
Waiting, especially for images
Kinds of images
To save or capture an image
An Overview of the links provided in this site
I would like thank Richard Helgerson and Joanne Woolway for asking me to develop
this web resource. I would also like to acknowledge a debt of gratitude
to Roelof P. Oddens, of the University of Utrecht, whom I have never met,
but whose web site has provided me with a starting point for my own quest
for early modern cartographic resources on the world wide web. When I first
landed on his page he had ">1,900 links"; he now has ">6,250 links" and
this number increases every couple of days. His links to old maps and to
map libraries have been indispensable to me; those links led to other links,
which led to other links, and so on. Sometimes I've felt like I was truly
tangled in a web of my own creation, but I hope that others will find the
links that I have provided useful, and that you will let me know of other
sites as you find them.
© 1998-, R.G. Siemens (Editor, EMLS).