A Table Alphabeticall of Hard Usual English Words (1604)
From the source of:
STC 4884. Robert Cawdrey.
A Table Alphabeticall. Robert A. Peters, ed. (Gainesville,
Florida: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1966).
Electronic text edited by:
Raymond G. Siemens,
Department of English, University of British Columbia, (c) 1994.
Index to Cawdrey's Table Alphabeticall
Cawdrey's Work, and the Development of the Dictionary in Early Modern England
Table Alphabeticall, first printed in 1604, is generally regarded to be the first fully
developed representative of the monolingual dictionary in English. For each of the 2543 headwords contained in its first
edition, Cawdrey provided a concise definition -- the standard entry rarely exceeded more than a few words, usually
synonyms -- and he marked those words thought to be of French or Greek origin; in some cases, he also marked those
words which were a "kind of" a larger group. Cawdrey added material to each of its three later editions (1609, 1613,
1617), ultimately to define over 3200 words, but did not vary his method. While small and unsophisticated by today's
standards, the Table was the largest dictionary of its type at the time and, when viewed in the full context of
Early Modern English lexicography, it exemplifies the movement from words lists and glosses to dictionaries which more
closely resemble those of today.
Cawdrey, as he notes in the epistle, gathered the contents of the
Table over a period of some years, likely
beginning during his first appointment as schoolmaster in 1563. His interest was in defining "hard vsual English
wordes," words that might challenge the contemporary, unskilled reader. While he does deal with neologisms and
"inkhorn" terms, and while the Table's epistle and introductory passage do address concerns about the nature of
language as it was currently being used, the matter of this dictionary suggests that Cawdrey's chief concern was didactic;
he hoped to provide the meanings and fixed forms of the many difficult words that would be encountered both in the
writing and the speech of the time. For today's reader, the Table provides insights into Early Modern life, as
well as valuable linguistic and lexicographic information.
In putting together the
Table's first edition, Cawdrey borrowed entries and methods from a number of
diverse sources. He looked to several Latin-English dictionaries, including Thomas Cooper's Thesaurus Linguae
Romanae et Britannicae (1565) and Thomas Thomas's Dictionarium Linguae Latinae et Anglicanae
(1587). Among popular didactic texts of the time, he found Richard Mulcaster's Elementarie (1582), Edmund
Coote's English Schoole-Maister (1596), Peter Bale's The Writing Schoolmaster (1590), Timothy
Bright's Characterie (1588), and William Fulke's Goodly Gallery . . . of Meteors (1571) to be of value.
He also turned to glosses of religious, legal, scientific, and literary texts for some of his material; these include Arthur
Golding's An exposition of certein woords, which was attached to Neil Hemmingsen's A Postill, or
Exposition of the Gospels (1569), John Rastell's Exposition of Certaine Difficult and Obscure Wordes . . . of
the Lawes of this Realme (1598), A. M.'s glossary to his translation of Gaebelkhover's Artzneybuch (1599),
Gregory Martin's Explication of Certaine Wordes in William Fulke's reprinting of the Rheims' New
Testament (1600), and Thomas Speght's glossary, entitled The old and obscure words of Chaucer,
explaned, to his edition of The Works of . . . Geffrey Chaucer (1600). Later editions of Cawdrey's
Table looked to these works and beyond for additional material.
His reliance on these works, however, is not such that we should consider Cawdrey merely a compiler of the
information of others. Rather, though his work is somewhat of an amalgam of previously-existing works, he brings to
Table the rationale of a lexicographer concerned with producing a unified, systematic, and usable work.
This is evident in his method of compilation, which involved expansion and contraction in definitions, some
regularization of headwords and words in the definitions, and a standardization of definition form. His sources are
clearly reflected in his work but, for the most part, Cawdrey has put his imprint upon them.
Little is known about the life of Robert Cawdrey, but a brief biography can be sketched from the details which do
exist. He was born ca. 1538 and, though lacking university training, he became schoolmaster at Oakham, in the English
county of Rutland, in 1563. Two years later, in 1565, he was ordained deacon. Further promotion soon followed: in
1570 he was advanced in the priesthood, and on 22 October 1571 he became rector of South Luffenham.
Though he would hold this post for over 15 years, his puritanical leanings would prove troublesome for him. In
1576, he was charged with not reading the state-approved homilies; the next year, his service was again under scrutiny,
and in 1578 he was suspended briefly for solemnizing a matrimony, a rite for which he was not qualified. His return,
after only several months of suspension, was hastened by a promise of future good behaviour, but in 1586 Cawdrey was
brought before his bishop on charges stemming, again, from his lack of canonical obedience.
These last charges would occupy Cawdrey until 1591 and, though he had powerful allies, the charges would
ultimately lead Cawdrey to lose his rectory as well as his ministerial authority. With his living removed, and in the
company of his benefactors, the Harrington family, Cawdrey once again became a schoolmaster. Sometime later, he
would put the
Table in the form of its first printing with the assistance of his son Thomas, who was also a
In addition to the
Table, Cawdrey is responsible for two other works. While rector in 1580, he wrote a
tract entitled A Short and Fruitefull Treatise of the Profit of Catechising; this he augmented in 1604. He also
compiled A Treasurie or Store-House of Similes (1600, 1609).
Notes Regarding This Text
This electronic text of Cawdrey's
Table is a transcription of the 1604 edition. Alterations are minimal and
primarily involve the modernisation of some aspects of the Early Modern English writing system -- forms of
s, r, ligatures, and brevigraphs -- in accordance with current scholarly editorial procedures.
Cawdrey's notation for words thought to be of French origin () is here represented by an ASCII string
Note: This text exists in two formats, each in its own file. One contains simply the text in HTML for viewing and
perusal with HTML client software, the other contains the text marked up with COCOA-style tags in square brackets, [
]; the text tagged with COCOA tags can be downloaded and used in text analysis packages such as TACT if the square
brackets are changed to angle brackets.
Tags in the COCOA text.
[p.b] page break
[l.b] line break
[xref] cross-referenced citations Reference Tags:
[br braces within text (2 or 3 hw's in depth)
[hl head letters [tx text type
hl head letter
hw head word
rt running title
ref x-references outside of hw or d ALSO - title.page, title, epistle, introduction, conclusion,
table. [s synonym
yes (beginning) no (ending) [f font
bl black-letter it italic [l language Comments:
Comments in the text appear as ( * comment * ).
Nasal vowels, brevigraphs, and s and r variants, and the like are modernised. Misprintings have been silently
Cawdrey's Table, Tagged in HTML
con- ATable Alphabeticall,
teyning and teaching the true
writing, and vnderstanding of hard
vsuall English wordes, borrowed from
the Hebrew, Greeke, Latine,
or French. &c.
With the interpretation thereof by
plaine English words, gathered for the benefit &
helpe of Ladies, Gentlewomen, or any other
Whereby they may the more easilie
and better vnderstand many hard English
wordes, which they shall heare or read in
Scriptures, Sermons, or elswhere, and also
be made able to vse the same aptly
Legere, et non intelligere, neglegere est.
As good not read, as not to vnderstand.
Printed by I. R. for Edmund Wea-
uer, & are to be sold at his shop at the great
North doore of Paules Church.
(* fol. A1v)
(* fol. A2r *)
To the right honourable,
Worshipfull, vertuous, & godlie
Ladies, the Lady Hastings, the Lady
Dudley, the Lady Mountague, the Ladie
Wingfield, and the Lady Leigh, his Chri-
stian friends, R. C. wisheth great prosperitie in this
life, with increase of grace, and peace from GOD
our Father, through Iesus Christ our Lord and
BY this Table (right Honourable & Wor- Thomas,
shipfull) strangers that blame our tongue
of difficultie, and vncertaintie may heere-
by plainly see, & better vnderstand those
things, which they haue thought hard. Heerby
also the true Orthography, that is, the true
writing of many hard English words, borrowed
from the Greeke, Latine & French, and how to
know one from the other, with the interpretati-
on thereof by plaine English words, may be lear-
ned and knowne. And children heerby may be
prepared for the vnderstanding of a great num-
ber of Latine words: which also will bring much
delight & iudgement to others, by the vse of this
little worke. Which worke, long ago for the most
part, was gathered by me, but lately augmented
by my sonne who now is Schoolemai-
ster in London.
Now when I had called to mind (right hono-
rable and Worshipfull) the great kindnesse, and
bountifulnes, which I found in that vertuous &
godly Lady, Lucie Harington, your Honours Sir Iames Harington
and Worships mother, and my especiall friend in
the Lord. When, and at such time as the right
Worshipfull Knight, Okeham
your Ladiships brother was my scholler, (and
now my singuler benefactor) when I taught the
Grammer schoole at in the County of Rutland:
In consideration whereof, and also 1604.
for that I acknowledge my selfe much beholding
and indebted to the most of you, since this time,
(beeing all naturall sisters) I am bold to make
you all ioyntly patrons heereof, and vnder your
names to publish this simple worke. And thus
praying, that God of his vnspeakeable mercies,
will blesse both your Honors and Worships, I doe
with all good wishes to you all, with all yours, as
to mine owne soule, humbly take my leaue. Co-
uentry this xxvij. of Iune.
Your Honors and Worships, euer
ready in Christ Iesus to be com-
maunded, Robert Cawdrey.
SVch as by their place and calling,
(but especially Preachers) as haue oc-
casion to speak publiquely before the
ignorant people, are to bee admoni-
shed, that they neuer affect any strange
ynckhorne termes, but labour to speake so
as is commonly receiued, and so as the most
ignorant may well vnderstand them: ney-
ther seeking to be ouer fine or curious, nor
yet liuing ouer carelesse, vsing their speech,
as most men doe, & ordering their wits, as
the fewest haue done. Some men seek so far
for outlandish English, that they forget al-
together their mothers language, so that if
some of their mothers were aliue, they were
not able to tell, or vnderstand what they say,
and yet these fine English Clearks, will say
they speak in their mother tongue; but one
might well charge them, for counterfeyting
the Kings English. Also, some far iournied
gentlemen, at their returne home, like as they
loue to go in forraine apparrell, so they will
pouder their talke with ouer-sea language.
He that commeth lately out of France, will
talk French English, and neuer blush at the
matter. Another chops in with English Ita-
lianated, and applyeth the Italian phrase to
our English speaking, the which is, as if an
Orator, that professeth to vtter his minde in
plaine Latine, would needs speake Poetrie,
& far fetched colours of strange antiquitie.
Doth any wise man think, that wit resteth in
strange words, or els standeth it not in whol-
some matter, and apt declaring of a mans
mind? Do we not speak, because we would
haue other to vnderstand vs? or is not the
tongue giuen for this end, that one might
know what another meaneth? Therefore,
either wee must make a difference of Eng-
lish, & say, some is learned English, & other-
some is rude English, or the one is Court
talke, the other is Country-speech, or els we
must of necessitie banish all affected Rhe-
torique, and vse altogether one manner of
language. Those therefore that will auoyde
this follie, and acquaint themselues with the
plainest & best kind of speech, must seeke
from time to time such words as are commonlie
receiued, and such as properly may expresse
in plaine manner, the whole conceit of their
mind. And looke what words wee best vn-
derstand, and know what they meane, the
same should soonest be spoken, and first ap-
plied, to the vttrance of our purpose. Ther-
fore for this end, foure things would chiefly
be obserued in the choise of wordes. First,
that such words as wee vse, should be pro-
per vnto the tongue wherein we speake. A-
gaine, that they be plaine for all men to per-
ceiue. Thirdly, that they be apt and meete,
most properly to set out the matter. Fourth-
lie, that words translated, from one signifi-
cation to another, (called of the Grecians
Tropes, ) be vsed to beautifie the sentence, as
precious stones are set in a ring, to commend
the gold. Now such are thought apt words,
that properly agree vnto that thing, which
they signifie, and plainly expresse the nature
of the same. Therefore, they that haue re-
gard of their estimation and credite, do wa-
rily speake, & with choise, vtter words most
apt for their purpose. In waightie causes,
graue wordes are thought most needfull,
that the greatnes of the matter, may the ra-
ther appeare, in the vehemencie of theyr
talke. So likewise of other, like order must
be taken. Albeit some, not onely doe not
obserue this kind of aptnesse, but also they
fall into much fondnes, by vsing words out
of place, and applying them to diuers mat-
ters, without all discretion.
If thou be desirous (gentle Reader) right-
ly and readily to vnderstand, and to profit
by this Table, and such like, then thou must
learne the Alphabet, to wit, the order of the
Letters as they stand, perfecty without
booke, and where euery Letter standeth: as
(b) neere the beginning, (n) about the mid-
dest, and (t) toward the end. Nowe if the
word, which thou art desirous to finde, be-
gin with (a) then looke in the beginning of
this Table, but if with (v *) looke towards
the end. Againe, if thy word beginne with
(ca) looke in the beginning of the letter (c)
but if with (cu) then looke toward the end
of that letter. And so of all the rest. &c.
And further vnderstand, that whereas all
such words as are deriued & drawne from the
Greek, are noted with this letter, (g) . And
the French are marked thus [fr] but such
words as are deriued from the latin, haue no
marke at all. A Table Alphabeticall,
contayning and teaching the true
writing, and vnderstanding of hard
vsuall English words. &c.
(k) standeth for a kind of.
(g. or gr.) standeth for Greeke.
The French words haue this [fr] before them.
[fr] ABandon, cast away, or yeelde vp, to
leaue or forsake.
[fr] abbesse, abbatesse, Mistris of a Nunne-
rie, comforters of others.
[fr] abbettors, counsellors.
aberration, a going a stray, or wande-
abbreuiat, (* synonyms *) to shorten, or make
[fr] abbridge, short. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] abbut, to lie vnto, or border vpon, as one
lands end meets with another.
abecedarie, the order of the Letters, or hee
that vseth them.
aberration, a going astray, or wandering.
[fr] abet, to maintaine.
abdicate, put away, refuse, or forsake.
abhorre, hate, despise, or disdaine.
abiect, base, cast away, in disdaine:
abiure, renounce, denie, forsweare:
abolish, (* synonyms *) make voyde, destroy, deface,
abolited, or out of vse. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] abortiue, borne before the time.
abricot, (k) kind of fruit:
abrogate, take away, disanull, disallow,
abruptly, vnorderly, without a preface.
absolue, finish, or acquite:
absolute, perfect, or vpright.
absolution, forgiuenes, discharge:
abstract, drawne away from another: a lit-
booke or volume gathered out of a grea-
absurd, foolish, irksome.
academie, an Uniuersitie, as Cambridge,
academicke, of the sect of wise and learned
accent, tune, the rising or falling of the voice.
accept, to take liking of, or to entertaine
[fr] acceptance, an agreeing to some former act
accesse, free comming to, or a way to a place,
accessarie, partaker in the same thing
[fr] accessorie, an accident extraordinary
accident, a chance, or happening.
accidentall, falling by chance, not by nature
accomodate, to make fit too, or conuenient
to the purpose
[fr] accomplish, finish, or make an end of.
[fr] account, reckon.
[fr] accord, agreement betweene persons
accurate, curious, cunning, diligent.
[fr] accrew, grow, increase, goe.
[fr] acertaine, make sure, certifie.
acetositie, sharpnes, or sowernesse
[fr] acheeue, to make an end of
[fr] acquitall, discharge
acquisition, getting, purchasing
[fr] action, the forme of a suite
actiue, nimble, ready, quicke.
actuall, in act, or shewing it selfe in deed
acute, sharp, wittie, quick
adage, an old speech, or prouerbe,
adamantine, as hard as Diamont
addict, giuen too, appointed too
adhærent, cleauing to, or taking part with.
[fr] adiew, farewell
[fr] addresse, prepare, or direct.
adiacint, lying too, adioyning too
adiunct, an accidental qualitie, or any pro-
perty, that is not a substance.
[fr] adiourne, deferre, or put off till another
adiure, make to sweare, or to deny
administer, gouerne, serue, or rule, or doe
administrator, one that doth busines for an
admire, maruell at, or be in loue with
admiration, wonderment, reioycing
[fr] admirall, chiefe by sea, worthy
admission, receiuing, or leaue to enter into
a place, accept.
adopt, to take for his child, freely to choose
[fr] adore, worship, or reuerence,
adorne, beautifie, apparrell, prepare.
[fr] aduaunce, preferre, lift vp to honor:
aduent, the comming
aduerse, contrary, or backward
[fr] aduertise, giue knowledge, aduise, or coun-
adulation, flatterie, or fauning
adulterate, to counterfeit, or corrupt:
aduocate, a spokesman, atturney, or man
of law, plead.
[fr] aduousion, patronage, or power to pre-
sent, or giue a liuing.
adustion, burning, or rosting.
Æ, see E.
affable, readie, and curteous in speech, gra-
cious in words.
[fr] affaires, busines
[fr] affect, to desire earnestly, or to mind
affected, disposed, inclined
affinitie, kinne by marriage
affirme, auouch, acertaine
[fr] affiance, trust
[fr] affianced, betrothed
[fr] affranchise, set at libertie.
agent, doer, a steward, or commissioner
aggrauate, make more grieuous, and more
agilitie, nimblenes, or quicknes
agglutinate, to ioyne together
agnition, knowledge, or acknowledging
agitate, driuen, stirred, tossed
agonie, [gr] heauie passion, anguish, griefe
[fr] aigre, sharpe, sower,
akecorne, (k) fruit
alacritie, cheerefulnes, liuelines
alablaster, (k) stone
alarum, a sound to the battell.
alchimie, the art of turning other mettals
[fr] alien, a stranger
[fr] alienate, to estrange, or with-drawe the
mind, or to make a thing another mans.
all haile, salute
alledge, bring proofe
allegorie, [gr] similitude, a misticall speech,
more then the bare letter-
[fr] allegiance, obedience of a subiect
allienate, asswage, or make more easie and
[fr] alliance, kindred, or league.
allusion, meaning and pointing to another
matter then is spoken in words
allude, to speake one thing that hath re-
semblence and respect to another,
aliment, nourishment, sustenance
alpha, [gr] the first Greeke letter
alphabet, (g) order of letters in the crosse-
altercation, debate, wrangling, or conten-
ambage, long circumstance of words.
[fr] ambassadour, messenger
ambition, desire of honour, or striuing for
ambodexter, one that playeth on both hands.
ambiguous, doubtfull, vncertaine
[fr] ambushment, priuie traine, lying secret-
ly to intrap by the way
[fr] amerce, (* synonyms *) fine, or
amercement, penalty. (* synonyms end *)
amiable, louely, or with a good grace.
amitie, friendship, loue.
amorous, full of loue, amiable.
[fr] amorte, dead, extinguished, without life.
amplifie, enlarge, or make bigger.
analogie, [gr] conuenience, proportion.
analisis, [gr] resolution, deuiding into
anarchie, [gr] when the land is without a
prince, or gouerner.
anatomie, (g) cutting vp of the body.
anathema, (g) accursed or giuen ouer to
anchoue, (k) of fruite.
[fr] angle, corner.
[fr] anguish, griefe.
angust, straight, narrow.
animaduersion, noting, considering, or
annalis, chronicles of things from yeare to
annex, to knit or ioyne together.
annihilate, make voyd, or bring to no-
anniuersarie, a yeares minde, or done and
antecessor, an auncestour, or predecessour
that goeth or liueth in the age or place
antichrist, (g) against, or contrarie to
anticipation, preuenting by a foreknow-
antidote, (g) a counterpoise, or remedy a-
[fr] antidate, a fore date.
antipathie, (g) contrarietie of qualities.
antithesis (g) a repugnancie, or contrarietie.
antiquarie, a man skilled, or a searcher of
annotations, briefe doctrines or instructi-
anxitie, care or sorrow.
aphorisme, (g) generall rule in phisick.
apocalipse, (g) reuelation.
apocrypha (g) not of authoritie, a thing hid-
den, whose originall is not knowne.
apologie (g) defence, or excuse by speech.
apostotate (g) a backslider.
apostacie (g) falling away, backslyding,
apostle (g) an ambassadour, or one sent.
apothegme (g) short wittie sentence, or
apparant, in sight, or open.
apparition, appearance, or strange sight.
[fr] appeach, accuse, or bewray.
[fr] appeale, to seeke to a higher Iudge.
[fr] appease, quiet, or pacifie.
appendix, hanging, or belonging to ano-
appertinent, (* synonyms *) belonging vnto another
appurtenance, thing. (* synonyms end *)
appetite, desire to any thing.
applaude, to shew a liking of, as it were
by clapping of hands.
application, applying too, or resorting to
appose, to aske questions, oppose.
apposition, adding or setting too.
apprehension, conceite, and vnderstan-
approbation, allowance, or liking.
appropriate, to take, and keepe to, and for
approue, alowe, or make good.
approch, come nigh.
arbiter, (* synonyms *) a Iudge in a controuersie
arbitratour, betwixt men. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] arbitrement, iudgement, censure, a-
arch, (g) chiefe.
arch-angell, (g) chiefe angell
archbishop, chiefe bishop
architest, chiefe builder.
ardent, hoate, earnest
ardencie, heate, earnestnes
argent, siluer, coyne
argue, to reason
aristocratical, (g) gouernement of a king-
dome by the peares and nobility.
arithmeticke, (g) art of numbring
arke, shippe or chest
[fr] armorie, house of armour
[fr] arrerages, debt vnpaid, or things left vn-
done and duties comming behind.
arrest, stay, or lay hold of
arride, to please well, to content
[fr] arriue, (* synonyms *) come to land,
arriuall, or approch. (* synonyms end *)
arrogate, to claime, or challenge
arrogant, proude, presumptuous.
artifice, skill, subtiltie: or a cunning peece
artificially, workmanlike, cunningly
articulate, ioynted, set together, or to point
out, and distinguish.
artichok, (k) herbe
[fr] artillery, engines or instruments for war.
ascend, goe vp, or clime vp
ascent, a going vp
ascribe, giue to, adde to, attribute vnto
askey, (* synonyms *) looking aside,
asquint, or awry. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] assay, proofe, or a triall:
assent, agreement, or consent
assertaine, assure: certaine
assentation, flattery: speaking faire
aspect, looking vpon, beholding much, sight
aspectable, worthie, or easie to be seene.
asperat, rough, sharpe, or vnpleasant.
aspire, climbe vp, or come to, or high.
[fr] assault, (* synonyms *) to set vpon, or
[fr] assaile, to proue. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] assemble, gather together.
assertion, affirming, auouching of any thing
asseueration, earnest affirming
assiduitie continuance, diligence
assigne, appoint, ordaine
assimulate, to make like, to compare with.
association, ioyning together in fellow-
associate, to accompanie, or follow
[fr] assoyle, excuse, cleare
astipulation, an auouching, or witnessing
of a thing, an agreement
astrictiue, (* synonyms *) binding, or ioyning
astringent, together. (* synonyms end *)
astronomie, (g) (* synonyms *) knowledge of
astrologie, (g) the starres. (* synonyms end *)
astrolabe, (g) an instrument to know the
motion of the starres.
atheist, (g) (* synonyms *) without, God, or beleeuing
atheall, that there is no God, or de-
nying any of his attributes. (* synonyms end *)
atheisme, (g) the opinion of the atheist.
[fr] attach, sease vpon, rest or hold
[fr] attaint, conuict of crime
[fr] attainder, a conuiction, or prouing guil-
tie of a crime or fault.
[fr] attempt, set vpon, or take in hand
attendance, watching, staying for, or way-
attentiue, heedie, or marking
attenuate, to make thinner or weaker
attest, to witnesse, or call to witnesse
attribute, giue to, or impute.
auarice, couetousnes, or inordinate desire
auburne (k) colour
audience, hearing, or hearkening, or those
audacious, bold, rash, or foolish hardie
auditor, hearer, or officer of accounts
audible, easie to be heard.
auer, auouch, call to witnes, proue.
auert, to turne from, or keepe away.
augment, to encrease
auguration, guessing, or coniecturing at
things to come:
[fr] avowable, that which may be allowed and
[fr] avouch, affirme with earnest, defend.
auoke, to call from, or pull back
austere, sharpe, rough, cruell
authenticall, (g) of authoritie, allowed by
authoritie: the originall
autumne, the haruest
axiome (g) a certaine principle, or general
ground of any Art:
ay, euer, at any time, for euer
azure, (k) of colour.
BAile, suretie, witnes.
ballance, a paire of scales, or other
[fr] balase, grauell, wherewith ships are poy-
sed to goe vpright: or weight.
bankerupt, bankerout, waster
baptisme, (g) dipping, or sprinkling.
[fr] band, company of men, or an assembly.
baptist, a baptiser
barbarian, a rude person
barbell, (k) fish
barbarie, (k) of fruite
barbarisme, barbarousnes, rudeness
[fr] barke, small ship
barnacle, (k) bird
barrester, one allowed to giue counsell, or
barreter, a contentious person, quarreller,
[fr] barter, to bargaine, or change
bauin, a faggot, or kid
bashfull, blush, or shamefast
[fr] battrie, beating or striking
bay, (k) tree.
beagle, (k) hound
beatitude, blessednes, happines
beldam, parent, or maister:
bellona, the goddesse of warre
benediction, praysing or blessing
beneuolence, good will, or fauour.
benigne, fauourable, curteous, gentle:
benignitie, gentlenes, or kindnes
[fr] benisson, blessing
bereft, depriued, alone, voide, robd.
betrothed, affianced, or promised in mar-
bewaile, mone, complaine
[fr] biere, a cophin wherein dead men are
bigamie, (g) twise maried, or hath had two
billiment, iewell, or garment
bipartite, deuided into two parts
bishop, ouer-seer, or prelate
blase, report, publish, shew forth
blaspheme, (g) to speake ill of God:
blattering, vaine babling
[fr] blanch, to make white, or white lime
blisse, ioy, or happines.
[fr] bonnet, hat, or cap.
[fr] bouge, stirre, remoue from a place.
CAlamitie, trouble, affliction.
calcinate, to make salt:
calefie, make warme, heate, or chafe.
calygraphie, (g) fayre writing.
calliditie, craftines, or deceit
calumniation, a discrediting by worde, or
camphire, kind of herbe.
capacitie, largenes of a place: conceit, or
[fr] capuchon, a hood
[fr] cancell, to vndoe, deface, crosse out, or
canon (g) law, or rule
canonise, (g) make a saint, to examine by
capitall, deadly, or great, or woorthy of
shame, and punishment:
capable, wise, apt to learne, bigge, or fit to
capitulation, distinguishing by parts
captious, catching, deceitfull, subtile,
captiuate, make subiect, or a prisoner,
cardinall, chiefe, or principall
carminate, to card wooll, or deuide
carnall, fleshly, pleasing the flesh:
carpe, take exception against, or wran-
[fr] cassere, dismisse, put away, or out of of-
casualtie, chaunce or hap
castigation, chaistisement, blaming, cor-
catalogue, (g) beadroole, or rehearesall of
words, or names
category, (g) an accusation
catechiser, that teacheth the principles of
cathedrall, church, cheife in the diocesse
catharre, a flowing of humors from the
catholicke, (g) vniuersall or generall.
cauill, to iest, scoffe, or reason subtilly
caution, warning, putting in minde, or
celebrate, holy, make famous, to publish,
to commend, to keepe solemlie
celeritie, swiftnes, hast
celestiall, heauenly, diuine passing excel-
cement, morter, or lime.
censor, a corrector, a iudge, or reformer of
censure, a correction, or reformation
centre, (g) middest of any round thing
(* contd. *) or circle.
centurion, captaine of a hundren men.
ceruse, white leade, or painting that wo-
character, (g) the fashion of a Letter, a
marke, or stampe:
[fr] chaunt, sing
[fr] champion, wilde field, also a challenger,
chambering, lightnes, and wanton beha-
uiour in priuate places
charter, a grant of any thing confirmed by
[fr] cheualrie, knight-hood
cherubin, order of Angels:
chibball, (k) fruite
chirograph, (g) hand writing
chiromancie (g) telling of fortunes, by the
lines in the hands:
chirurgion, (g) a surgion
choller, [gr] a humor causing anger
chough, (k) bird:
christ, (g) annointed
chronickler, (g) (* synonyms *) historie wri-
chronographer, ter. (* synonyms end *)
chronicall, (g) returning at certaine times
chronologie, (g) storie of times past.
cibaries, meates, nourishment
cider, drink made of apples
circumcise, to cut the priuie skin
circumference, the round and outmost cir-
cuit, or compasse
circumligate, binde about
circumscribe, to compasse about with a line,
circumspect, heedie, quicke of sight, wise,
and dooing matters aduisedly.
circumlocution, a speaking of that in ma-
ny words, which may be said in few
circumstance, a qualitie, that accompaneth
any thing, as time, place &c
circumstant, things that are about vs,
circumuent, to close in, to deceaue, or in-
citron, (k) fruit
ciuilitie, honest in conuersation, or gentle
clamarus, making a great noyse
chassick, chiefe, and approued,
[fr] clauicordes, mirth,
claritude, cleerenes, renowne,
clemencie, gentlenes, curtesie.
client, he that is defended.
climate, a portion of the worlde betwixt
north and south
climactericall, (g) that which ariseth by de-
grees, as the sixtie third yeere is climac-
tericall of the seauentie.
coadiutor, a fellow helper.
cockatrice, a kind of beast
cænation, supper, or a place to sup in
cogitation, thought, musing
cohærence, ioyning, & vniting together.
[fr] coin, corner
collect, gather together
collaterall, on the other side, ouer against,
as two lines drawne equally distant one
from another, in due place
collation, recitall, a short banquet
collusion, deceit, cousanage
colume, one side of a page of a booke
combine, heale, or couple together,
combination, a ioyning, or coupling together
combure, burne, or consume with fire
combustible, easily burnt
combustion, burning or consuming with
comedie, (k) stage play,
comicall, handled merily like a comedie
commemoration, rehearsing or remem-
[fr] commencement, a beginning or entrance
comet, (g) a blasing starre
comentarie, exposition of any thing
commerce, fellowship, entercourse of mer-
commination, threatning, or menacing,
commodious, profitable, pleasant, fit,
commotion, rebellion, trouble, or disqui-
communicate, make partaker, or giue
[fr] communaltie, common people, or com-
communion, (* synonyms *) fellow-
communitie, ship. (* synonyms end *)
compact, ioyned together, or an agreement.
compassion, pitty, fellow-feeling
compell, to force, or constraine
compendious, short, profitable
compensation, a recompence:
competent, conuenient, sufficient, apt:
competitor, hee that sueth for the same
thing, or office, that another doth:
compile, gather together
complement, perfecting of any thing
complet, fulfilled, finished
Complexion, nature, constitution of the
[fr] complices, fellowes in wicked matters
compose, make, or ioyne together
composition, agreement, a making, or
comprehend, (* synonyms *) to con-
comprise, taine. (* synonyms end *)
comprimise, agreement, made by parties
chosen on either side
compte, fine, decked: trimmed
compulsion, force, constraint
computation, an account or reckoning
conceale, to keepe close
conception, conceiuing in the wombe.
concinnate, made fit, finely apparelled
concise, briefe or short
concoct, to digest meate
concord, (* synonyms *) agree-
concordance, ment. (* synonyms end *)
concrete, ioyned, or congealed together
concruciate, to torment, or vex together
concubine, harlot, or light huswife.
conculcate, to treade vnderfoote
concurre, agree together, runne together,
concurse, running together of many to a
condiscende, agree vnto, or consent
condole, to be greeued, or sorrowfull
conduct, guiding, or hiring
confabulate, to talke together
confection, compounding, making or
confederate, agreeing peaceably together
by couenants made
conferre, talke together
conference, communication, talking toge-
confidence, trust, hope
confine, to border vpon, to compasse in
[fr] confiscation, forfeiture or losse of goods
conflict, battaile, strife, fight
conforme, to make like vnto, consent
confound, ouerthrow, destroy, mingle to-
gether, or disorder.
[fr] confront, opposse, compare one to ano-
congeale, to harden, or ware hard, or
congestion, a heaping vp
conglutinate, to ioyne together
congratulate, to reioyce with another for
some good fortune.
congregate, gather together
congruence, (* synonyms *) agreablenes,
congruitie, or likenes. (* synonyms end *)
coniunction, ioyning together
coniure, to conspire together, to sweare
connexion, ioyning together
conuiuence, sufferance, or winking at
conquest, a complayning, or victorie
consanguinitie, kinred by blood, or birth
consecrate, make holie, to dedicate, or giue
consectarie, one that followeth any opini-
consequence, (* synonyms *) following
consequent, by order. (* synonyms end *)
conserue, keepe, saue, or maintaine
consideratly, wisely, and with aduise, con-
[fr] consistorie, place of ciuill iudgement
consociate, companie with, or ioyne a com-
consonant, agreeable, likelie
consort, a companion, or company
conspicuous, easie to be seene, excellent
conspire, agree together, for to doe euill.
constellation, a company of starrs
constitutions, lawes, or decrees
consul, a cheife gouernor among the Ro-
consult, take counsaile
consumate, accomplish, fulfill, or finish.
contagious, that which corrupteth, or in-
contaminate, defiled, or corrupted
contaminouse, infectious, defiled
contemplation, meditation, or musing
contestate, to call to witnes
context, the agreeing of the matter going
before, with that which followeth.
continent, modest, abstaining, chast: al-
so the firme land where no ile or sea is.
contingent, happening by chaunce
contract, make short, also a bargaine, or
contradiction, gaine saying
contribute, bestowe vpon, or giue vnto
contribution, a bestowing of any thing
contributorie, giuing a part to any thing
contrite, broken, sorrowfull
contrition, sorrow, sadnes
contumacie, stubbornnes, contempt
contumelie, slaunder, reproch
contusion, bruised, or beaten
conuent, bring before a iudge
conuenient, fit, well beseeming
conuenticle, a little assemblie
conuerse, companie with
conuert, turne, change
conuict, proued guiltie, ouercome
conuince, to ouercome, confute, or proue
(* contd. *) manifestly.
conuocation, an assembling, or calling to-
[fr] conuoy, a waiting vppon: or keeping
company in the way.
connulsion, a pulling, or shrinking vp
copartner, fellow partaker, or companion
cophin, (g) basket, or chest for a dead bo-
dy to be put in.
copious, plentifull, abounding
copulation, ioyning, or coupling together
cordwainer, shoemaker, or trade
cordiall, comforting the hart.
[fr] coriuals, competitors
carnositie, full of flesh, grosse
corporate, hauing a bodie:
[fr] corps, deade bodie
corpulent, grosse of body, fat, or great
correllatiues, when 2. things are so linked
together, that the one cannot be without
corrigible, easily corrected
corroborate, confirme, or strengthen, or
corroded, gnawd about
cosmographie, (g) description of the
costiue, bound in the bodie
[fr] couch, bed, lie downe:
[fr] couert, hidden place, secrete
[fr] counterchange, to change againe:
[fr] countermaund, commaund contrarie
[fr] countermine, vndermine one against an-
[fr] countermure, to builde, one wall against
crassitude, fatnesse or thicknesse
[fr] counterpoise, make leuell, or to weigh, as
heuie as another thing.
cowslip, (k) hearh
[fr] counteruaile, of equall valew
[fr] curbe, restraine, keepe in:
credible, which may be beleeued
[fr] couerture, couering
creditor, he which lendeth, or trusteth an-
credulous, readie to belieue, true
credulitie, rashnes in belieuing
[fr] creuas, rift.
[fr] crible, sifted
criminous, (* synonyms *) faultie, that wherein is some
criminall, fault. (* synonyms end *)
crisped, curled, or frisled.
criticall, (g) which giueth iudgement of
crocodile, (k) beast
crucifie, fasten to a crosse
crude, raw, not ripe, not digested:
crupt, (g) hidden, or secret
crystaline, (g) cleere like glasse, or christall.
cubite, a foote and a halfe
culpable, blame-worthy, guiltie,
culture, husbandry, tilling
curiositie, picked diligence, greater care-
fulnes, then is seemly or necessarie,
cursorilie, swiftly, or briefely.
curuefie, bowed, or made crooked.
custodie, keeping, or looking to
cymball, an instrument of musicke, so cal-
cynicall, (g) doggish, froward. cypher, (g) a circle numbering, of no
value of it selfe, but serueth to make vp
the number, and to make other figures
of more value.
DAmnable, not to be allowed.
deacon, (g) prouider for the poore
demonaicke, (g) possessed with a deuill.
deambulation, a walking abroade
[fr] debate, strife, contention
debilitie, weakenes, faintnes.
[fr] debonnayre, gentle, curteous, affable,
decalogue, (g) the ten commaundements:
decacordon, (g) an instrument with tenne
decent, comlie, or beseeming
decease, a departing, or giuing place too.
decide, to determine, or make an end of.
decipher, describe, or open the meaning,
or to count.
decision, cutting away.
declamation, an oration of a matter feyned.
decline, fall away, or swarue from,
decoction, liquor, wherein things are sod
decrepite, very old
dedicate, to giue for euer.
deduct, take or drawe out, abate, or dimi-
[fr] deface, blot out, staine, bring out of fa-
defame, to slaunder, or speake ill of
defect, want, fayling
[fr] defie, distrust.
define, to shew clearely what a thing is.
deflower, dishonest, rauish, or disgrace
deformed, ill shapen, ill fauored
[fr] defraude, deceiue, beguile
[fr] defraye, lay out, pay, discharge
degenerate, be vnlike his auncestours: to
grow out of kind.
dehort, mone or perswade from, to aduise
to the contrarie.
deifie, make like God
delectation, delight, or pleasure
delegate, an imbassadour, or one appoin-
ted in anothers place.
deliberate, to take good counsell
delineate, to drawe the proportion of any
delicate, daintie, giuen to pleasure
delude, deceiue, or laugh to scorne.
[fr] deluge, great floode, or ouer flowing of
(* contd. *) waters.
delusion, mockerie, a deceitfull thing
demaund, request, aske
demerite, deseruing, worthines
democracie, (g) a common-wealth gouer-
ned by the people.
demonstrate, shew plainely, or openly, to
point out or manifest.
[fr] demurre, to stay, to linger, or vse delaies
denison, free borne
denounce, declare, or giue warning of, or
denomination, a naming
depend, (* synonyms *) hang
dependance, vpon. (* synonyms end *)
deplore, to lament or bewaile
deplume, to pull of the feathers
deportation, carrying away
depopulate, spoile, or wast
depose, put away, depriue, or put downe.
depraue, marre or corrupt, or make worse.
deprecation, supplication, or requiring of
depresse, to keepe downe
depriue, see depose
depute, account, or esteeme
deride, mock, or laugh to scorne.
deriue, fetch from
deriuation, taking away from some other
derogate, to take away, or to diminish
[fr] desastrous, vnluckie, vnfortunate
descend, goe downe.
describe, to write foorth, to copie out, or to
[fr] deseigne, (* synonyms *) an appoynting how any
[fr] deseignment, thing shall be done. (* synonyms end *)
desertion, a leauing, or forsaking
designe, to marke out, or appoint for any
desist, leaue off, or stay
desolate, left alone, or forsaken
desperate, without hope, or past hope,
detect, bewray, disclose, accuse
detest, hate greatly, or abhorre
deteined, withholden, or kept back,
determine, resolue, conclude
detract, take from, or backbite
detriment, losse or hurt
detrude, thrust out, or from
deuote, to giue vnto, or appoint vnto
[fr] deuoyre, dutie
dexteritie, aptnes, nimblenes
diabolicall, (g) deuillish.
diademe, (g) a Kings crowne:
diapason, (g) a concorde in musick of all
diet, manner of foode
dialect, the manner of speech in any lan-
guage, diuers from others.
dialogue (g) conference, or talking toge-
diameter, (g) a line, crossing the midst of a-
ny circle or figure
didacticall, (g) full of doctrine or instructi-
diffamation, a slaundering, or speaking ill
different, vnlikely, disagreeing,
difficill, (* synonyms *) hard, vneasie,
difficult, dangerous (* synonyms end *)
diffude, poure out
digest, bring into order, to deuide, & distri-
bute things into their right place.
digresse, turne from, goe away
digression, departing from the matter in
dilacerate, to rent in sunder:
dilate, enlarge, spread abroade, or to dis-
course vpon largely
dilemma, (g) a forked kinde of argument,
which on either side entrappeth.
diocesse, (g) iurisdiction
diocesan, that hath iurisdiction
direct, guide, or rule: right, straight, also
disable, make vnable, or finde fault with.
[fr] disaduantageous, hindering much
disanull, make voyde, or bring to nothing.
[fr] disburse, lay out money
discent, comming downe from another
discerne, know, put one from another, or
discide, cut off, or in peeces
discipline, instruction, or training vp.
discipher, to lay open, or make plaine
disclose, discouer, vtter, or manifest.
[fr] discomfiting, putting to flight
discord, disagreement, variance
discretion, wise choise of one from another
discusse, examine, debate, or search nar-
disfigure, bring out of shape,
[fr] disfranchis, take away freedome:
disioyne, vnioyne, or seperate
disiunction, a deuiding, or seperating,
[fr] disfranchised, depriued of libertie.
disgrade, to discharge of his orders, or de-
[fr] disguised, counterfeited, seeming that it
dislocation, setting out of right place,
[fr] disloyall, one whom it is not good to trust,
dismember, to pull and part one peece from
dismisse, let passe, or send away
disparagement, hurt, hinderance, or dis-
dispence, to giue licence vnto
disperse, scatter, or spread abroade.
dispeople, to vnpeople a place
displant, to pull vp by the rootes, trees
(* contd. *)
display, spread abroade
dispose, to set in order, to appoint.
disposition, naturall inclination, or setting
dispoyle, take away by violence, or rob
disputable, questionable, or doubtfull, that
may be reasoned of:
dissent, disagree, to be of a contrarie opini-
dissipation, scattering abroade
dissolue, vnloose, or melte
dissoluble, easie to vnloose
dissolute, carelesse, rechlesse
dissolution, breaking, vnloosing.
distance, space betweene
distended, stretched out, or out of ioynt.
distinguish, put difference, deuide, or point
out from others.
distillation, (* synonyms *) dropping downe by
distilling, little and little. (* synonyms end *)
distinct, differing, or deuided
distinction, a difference, or seperation
distracted, drawne into diuerse parts
distribute, deuide in sunder, or to giue in
distribution, diuision, or laying out by
disturbe, disquiet, let, or interrupt
disswade, to perswade to the contrarie
dittie, the matter of a song.
diuert, turne from, to another
diuine, Heauenly godly, also to gesse, con-
iecture, or prophesie.
diuinitie, heauenly, doctrine, also god-
diuision, parting, or seperating
diurnall, a daily mouing
divulgate, publish, or make common
docilitie, easie to be taught
doctrine, learning, or instruction
dolor, griefe, sorrow, or paine
dolorous, grieuous, or sorrowfull
[fr] domage, losse, harme, or hinderance
domesticall, at home, belonging to hous-
dominere, rule, beare sway
dominion, (* synonyms *) rule, lordship or
domination, maistership. (* synonyms end *)
donatiue, a gift, in money or other things
dulcimur, (k) (* synonyms *) instru-
dulcimar, ment. (* synonyms end *)
duarchy, the equall raigne of two princes
driblets, small debts
durable, long lasting, or of long continu-
eclipse, (g) failing of the light of the sunne or
eccho, a sound, resounding back againe
ecclesiasticall, (g) belonging to the church
eden, pleasure, or delight
edict, a commaundement from authoritie,
edifie, instruct, or builde vp in know-
edition, putting foorth, setting abroade
education, bringing vp
effect, a thing done, or to bring to passe
effeminate, womannish, delicate, wan-
efficacie, force, or strength
efficient, working, or accomplishing
effusion, powring, or running foorth
eglogue, (g) a talking together
egresse, foorthgoing, or passage out
eiection, a casting foorth
elaborate, done curiously, and dilligently.
elect, chosen, or picked out
elegancie, finesse of speech
element, the first principle or beginning of
elench, (g) a subtill argument
eleuate, lift vp, or heaue vp
elocution, good vtterance of speech.
emerods, (k) of disease
[fr] embark, (* synonyms *) to ship a thing, or
imbark, load a ship. (* synonyms end *)
emblem, (g) a picture shadowing out some
thing to be learned.
eminent, appearing, higher, or further out,
emphasis, (g) a forcible expressing
[fr] empire, gouernement: or kingdome
emulation, enuie, or imitate
enarration, declaration, expounding
enigmaticall, (g) full of hard questions, ob-
[fr] enchaunt, bewitch
encounter, set against, or to meete
[fr] encrochment, when the Lord hath got-
ten seisen of more rent, or seruices of his
tenant then of right is due.
[fr] endosse, cut on the back, or write on the
enimitie, (* synonyms *) displeasure, or
enmitie, hatred. (* synonyms end *)
enflame, burne, or set on fire.
[fr] enfranchise, make free
[fr] engrate, presse vpon
[fr] enhaunce, to lift vp, or make greater:
[fr] enlarge, make bigger, set at libertie
[fr] enoble, make noble, or famous
enormious, out of square, vnorderly
[fr] ensigne, flagge for war
[fr] enterlace, to put betweene, intermingle:
[fr] enterprise, beginne, take in hand
[fr] enterre, lay in the earth
[fr] entrals, inward parts, as hart, liuer, &c.
[fr] enuiron, to enclose, or compasse about.
epha, kind of measure
epicure, giuen to pleasure.
epigram, (g) a sentence, written vpon any
for praise, or dispraise
epilogue, (g) conclusion
epilepsis, (g) the falling sicknes
episcopall, (g) bishoplike.
epiphanie, (g) appearing
epitaph, (g) the writing on a tombe or
epithite, (g) a name or title giuen to any
epitome, (g) the briefe copie of a booke, &c.
epitomise, (g) to make an epitome, or to
bring a booke into a lesser volume.
equalize, match, or make equall
equinoctium, when the dayes and nights
[fr] equipage, furniture
equitie, right, lawfulnes
erect, set vp, or lift vp
equiualent, of equall valew.
ermite, (g) one dwelling in the wildernes.
erronious, full of errour, and wandring
out of the right way.
[fr] essay, tryall what one can say, or doe in
(* contd. *)
[fr] escheat, forfaite
[fr] eschew, shunning, auoyde, escape
[fr] espoused, promised in marriage
essence, substance, or being of any thing
[fr] essoine, excused for any cause
[fr] establish, confirme, make strong
estimate, esteeme, value, or prise, thinke or
eternall, euerlasting, without end
ethnick, (g) an heathen, or gentile
etymologie, (g) true expounding
euacuated, made voyde, cleane taken a-
way: or emptied.
euangell, (g) the gospell: or glad tidings
euangelist, (g) bringer of glad tidings
euaporate, to breath out
euent, chaunce, or that which followeth
euict, ouercome by law
eucharist, (g) a thanksgiuing, the Lords
eunuch, (g) gelded, wanting stones
euert, turne vpside downe
euident, easie to be seene, plaine
euocation, calling forth
exact, perfectly done, or to require with
(* contd. *)
exaggerate, heape vpon, amplifie to make
a thing more then it is
exaltation, lifting vp
exasperate, whet on, to vex, or make more
excauate, make hollow
excæcate, to make blind
excessiue, too much, more then enough
[fr] excheaquer, office of receits
exclaime, bray, or crie out
exclude, thrust, or shut out, or keepe
excogitate, to muse, or deuise exactly.
excommunicate, to thrust out of company,
excrement, dung, offal, refuse, or
excruciat, to vex, or torment
excursion, a skirmidsh in warres, of some
few running from their companie
execute, performe, or exercise some
exempt, free, priuiledged.
exemplifie, enlarge, or declare by ex-
exhalation, a breath, or fume rising vp-
exhaust, drawne out, or emptied
exhibite, put vp or bestow: to offer, or set
abroade for all men to see
exiccate, to drie vp
exile, banish, driue out
exorable, easie, to be intreated
exorbitant, out of order, measure or place.
exorcist, (g) coniurer
[fr] exorde, beginne
exordium, a beginning, or entrance
expect, looke for
expedient, fit, meete or beseeming
expedition, hast, speede
expell, put out, or thrust out
expend, consider, or muse vpon
expence, cost, or money layd out
experiment, a proofe, or triall
expiation, pacifying with satisfaction, pur-
ging by sacrifice
expire, to die, or giue vp the ghost to de-
explane, to make manifest, or delcare
explicate, declare plainely
[fr] exploit, enterprise, act, deede
expose, to offer, or lay open, to hazard,
expostulate, to reason, or chide with, to
expresly, fitly, manifestly
exprobration, vpbreyding, casting in ones
expugnable, to be wonne, or ouercome.
expulse, driue out, or thrust out
exquisite, perfect, fine, singuler, curious.
extant, appearing, abroad, shewing it selfe.
extasie, a traunce, or sowning.
extemporall, (* synonyms *) suddaine, without
extempore, premeditation, or
extemporarie, studie. (* synonyms end *)
extende, spread foorth, prolong, or make
longer, to inlarge.
extenuate, lessen, minish, or make lesse.
externall, outward, strange
extinguish, put out, or quench
extinct, put out
extirpate, to pull vp by the rootes
extoll, aduaunce, or praise highly, to lift vp
extort, to wring out, to wrest from by vio-
extract, drawne out
extrauagant, wandring out of order.
exulcerate, to make sore, to corrupt.
Fabricate, make, fashion.
fabulous, fained, counterfeited, much
faction, deuision of people into sundry
parts and opinions
factious, that maketh deuision, cententi-
factor, one that doth busines for another
facultie, licence, power, aptnes
fallacie, deceit, falshood
falsifie, to forge, or counterfait
fame, report, common talke, credite
[fr] fantastique, conceited, full of deuises
[fr] farce, to fill, or stuffe
falcinate, to bewitch, or disfigure by in-
fastidiousnes, lothsomnesse, or disdainfull-
[fr] faschious, grieuous, or inducing to an-
fatall, mortall, appointed by God to come
(* contd. *)
[fr] fealtie, faithfulnes
[fr] female, (* synonyms *) the she in mankind, or other
feminine, creatures. (* synonyms end *)
feruide, hote, scalding, burning
festination, hast, speede
festiuitie, mirth, pleasantnes
festiuall, merrie, pertaining to holy daies
feruent, hote, chafed, verie angrie
fertile, fruitfull, yeelding much fruit
fiction, a lie, or tale fained
fidelitie, faithfulnes, trustines
figurate, to shadowe, or represent, or to
figuratiue, by figures
finall, pertaining to the end
finite, hauing an end, and certaine limits.
firme, sure, stedfast, strong, constant
fixed, fastned, sure, fast
[fr] flagon, great wine cup, or bottell
flagrant, burning, hot
flexible, easilie bent, pliant, or mutable
[fr] flote, swime aloft
fluxible, thin, and running easily downe
[fr] floscles, flowers
fluxe, disease of scouring
[fr] feeble, weake, lacking strength
fomentation, an asswaging, or comforting
foraine, strange, of another country
formall, following the common fashion
foraminated, holed, or bored
formidable, fearefull, to be feared
fornication, vncleannes betweene single
fortitude, valiantnes, or couragiousnes,
fortunate, happie, hauing good successe
fragilitie, brittlenes, or weakenes
fragments, reliques, broken meates, peeces
fragrant, sweetly smelling
[fr] franck, liberall, bountiful
[fr] franchise, libertie, freedome
fraudulent, deceitfull, craftie, or ful of guile.
frequent, often, done many times: ordina-
rie, much haunted, or goe too.
[fr] garnish, trime, decke vp, make fine.
gem, a precious stone
[fr] gaie, fine, trim
gentilitie, (* synonyms *) gentrie, nobilitie,
generositie, gentlemanship. (* synonyms end *)
genesis, (g) beginning
gentile, a heathen
genealogie, (g) generation, or a describing
of the stock or pedegree.
genuine, peculiar, or naturall
genius, the angell that waits on man, be it
a good or euill angell
geographie, (g) the describing of the earth.
geometrie, (g) art of measuring the earth.
geomancie, (g) sorcerie by circkles, and
pricks in the earth
germane, come of the same stock
gests, things done, or noble acts of princes
gire, grin, or laugh
glee, mirth, gladnes
gospell, glad tidings
globe, any thing, very round.
glorifie, to giue honour, praise, and com-
mendation to any body.
glosse, a tongue, or exposition of a darke
[fr] gourmandise, deuouring, gluttony
glutinate, to glue, or ioyne together
gnomen, (g) the stile, or cock of a diall
gradation, steps, by little and little.
graduate, that hath taken a degree
gratifie, to pleasure, or doo a good turne in
way of thankfulnes
gratis, freely, without desert
gratulate, to be glad for anothers sake,
graue, waightie, sober, sage, discreete
[fr] guerdon, a reward:
[fr] guidance, gouerning, or direction
[fr] guise, fashion, shape, custome,
gulfe, deepe poole, or pit
HAbilitie, (* synonyms *) ablenes, or of
abilitie, sufficiencie. (* synonyms end *)
habitable, able to dwell in
habitacle, (* synonyms *) a dwelling
habitation, place: (* synonyms end *)
habite, apparell, fashion, custome
habitude, disposition, plight, respect
[fr] hale, pull, draw, lift vp
halaluiah, praise the Lord
hallucinate, to deceiue, or blind
harmonie (g) agreement of diuers sounds
[fr] hautie, loftie, proude
[fr] hazard, venture, chaunce:
[fr] herault, kings messenger
heathen, see Gentile
hebrew, from Hebers stock
hecticke, (g) inflaming the hart, and soun-
dest parts of the bodie
hemisphere, (g) halfe of the compasse of hea-
uen, that we see.
helmet, head peece,
hereditarie, comming by inheritance, or suc-
heritage, inheritance, possession
herbinger, sent before to prepare
hereticall, (g) (* synonyms *) one that maintaineth he-
hereticke, (g) resies. (* synonyms end *)
hermite, see ermite
heroicall, (g) beseeming a noble man, or
[fr] hideous, fearefull, terrible
hierarchie, (g) the gouernment of priests,
or holy gouernance:
hymne, (g) kinde of song to the prayse of
hipocrite, (g) such a one as in his outward
apparrell, countenaunce, & behauiour,
pretendeth to be another man, then he
is indeede, or a decieuer.
historicall, (g) pertaining to historie
[fr] homage, worship, or seruice.
[fr] homicide, a man killer, or the killing of a
hononimie, (g) when diuers things are sig-
nified by one word
horror, fearefull sorrow, feare, terror.
horizon, (g) a circle, deuiding the halfe of
the firmament, from the other halfe which
we see not.
hosanna, saue now:
hospitality, good entertainement for friends
[fr] hostage, pledge
hostilitie, hatred, or enmitie, or open wars.
huckster, marchant, or trade
humane, belonging to man, gentle, curte-
hush, (* synonyms *) peace, or be
husht, still. (* synonyms end *) hyperbolicall, (g) beyond all credite, or
likelihoode of truth.
Idiome, (g) a proper forme or speech:
idiot, (g) vnlearned, a foole
Iehoua, Lord almighty
ignoble, of low and base birth
ignominie, reproch, discredite, slaunder.
illegitemate, vnlawfully begotten, and
illiterate, vnlearned, without knowledge.
illustrate, to make plaine, to declare
illuminate, to inlighten, or make plaine
illusion, mockerie, iesting, or scoffing
imbecilitie, weakenes, feeblenes
imbarge, (* synonyms *) see em-
imbarke, barke (* synonyms end *)
imitation, following, dooing the like:
immaculate, vnspotted, vndefiled
immanitie, beastlie, crueltie, or hugenesse
immature, vnripe, or out of season:
immediate, next to, not hauing any other
imminent, at hand, ready to come vpon
immoderate, without measure, exceeding
great, or excessiue
immortall, euerlasting, that dieth not
immunitie, freedome from any thing, or
immure, to shut vp, or inclose within wals
immutable, constant, still the same, vn-
[fr] impart, to make partaker of, to tell to
impacience, lacke of sufferance
[fr] impaire, diminish, lessen
[fr] impeach, accuse, hurt, or hinder
impediment, let, or hinderance
impenetrable, that cannot be pierced, or
imperated, commaunded, or ruled ouer
imperious, desiring to rule, full of com-
imperiall, belonging to the crowne
impertinent, not pertaining to the matter.
impetrate, obtaine by request
impietie, vngodlines, crueltie
implacable, that cannot be pleased or paci-
imply, to signifie, or make manifest
imploy, bestow, spend
implore, to desire with teares,
implume, to pull off the feathers
impose, lay vpon, or put on
importance, of value, force, or worth:
[fr] impost, tribute
imposture, falshood, deceit,
impotent, weake, feeble,
importune, to be earnest with
importunate, requiring earnestly, without
beeing satis-fied, till the request be obtey-
imprecation, cursing, or wishing euill vn-
[fr] impregnable, vnuanquished, not able to
(* contd. *)
be ouercome, strong.
impression, printing, marking, or stam-
improper, vnfit, vnseemely, common
impropriation, a thing accounted proper,
which is not indeede
improbable, that cannot be prooued.
improuident, carelesse, not foreseeing, or
taking heede before hand.
imprudent, ignorant, rash, carelesse:
impunitie, lack, or omission of punishment
impuritie, filthines, vncleannesse, dishone-
impute, reckon, or assigne, blame, or to lay
to ones charge
inabilitie, want of power or abilitie.
inamored, in loue with.
inaugurate, to aske counsell of soothsayers.
incarnate, taking flesh vpon him, or to bring
incense, kind of offering made by fire
incend, kindle, burne, vexe, or chafe, to in-
cense, to stirre vp, or to set on fire, or to
incessantlie, earnestlie, without ceasing
incest, vnlawfull copulation of man and
woman within the degrees of kindred, or
alliance, forbidden by gods law, whether
it be in marriage or otherwise.
inchaunt, bewitch, or charme
incident, happening, or chauncing
incision, cutting, in searching of a wound
incitate, to moue, or prouoke
incline, leane vnto, or towards
include, to shut in, or containe within
incommodious, hurtfull, vnfit
incommunicable, that cannot bee imparted
to any other, or proper to one person,
and none other.
incomperable, that hath not his like
incomprehensible, that cannot be concei-
ued, or vnderstood
incongruencie, want of agreement
inconsiderate, rash, not taking counsaile
incontinent, liuing loosely, or vnchastly
incontinently, presently, disorderly, or with-
incredible, marueilous, such as cannot be
incorporate, to graft one thing into the bo-
die of another, to make one bodie or sub-
(* contd. *)
stance of two or moe, to mixe or put to-
incorruptible, vncorruptible, vnperishable,
or not subiect to corruption
incredulous, hardly brought to beleeue
inculcate, to vrge, or repeate one thing of-
inculpable, without fault, blamelesse,
incurable, past cure, a wound that cannot
incur, runne into
indecent, not comly, or beseeming,
indeere, make bound to one,
indefinite, without rule, or order, not de-
indemnitie, without losse
indignitie, vnworthinesse, vnseemly vsage,
infamie, or disgrace
indignation, anger, chafing,
indissoluble, that cannot be vnloosed or vn-
[fr] indite, to signifie, or giue in ones name.
induce, to moue vnto, or allure, or draw:
indulgence, sufferance, too gentle intrea-
induction, bringing in
industrie, diligence or labour
ineffable, vnspeakable, that cannot be vttered
inestimable, that cannot be valued, or ac-
counted of as it deserueth.
ineuitable, that cannot be auoyded.
inexorable, that cannot, or will not be in-
treated to graunt
infallible, vndeceiueable, vnguilefull, tru-
infamous, ill reported of, or defamed
infatuate, to make foolish.
infernall, belonging to hell,
inferre, bring in, to alleage, or signifie
infinite, without number, or end
inflamation, inflaming, or setting on fire
inflexible, that cannot be bended, vnruly.
inflict, to lay vpon
influence, a flowing in.
informe, giue notice to teach, to beginne to
infringe, to breake, to make weake, or fee-
infuse, to poure in, or steepe in,
[fr] ingage, lay to pledge, binde himselfe
ingratitude, vnkindness, or vnthankfulnes
ingenious, wittie, quicke witted
ingine, (* synonyms *) an instrument to doo any thing
engine, with. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] ingraue, carue
ingresse, (* synonyms *) enterance
ingredience, in. (* synonyms end *)
ingurgitate, to deuoure vp greedily
inhabite, dwell in
inhabitable, that cannot be dwelt in
inherent, cleauing fast vnto,
inhumane, cruell, vncurteous.
iniunction, commaunding, rule or order.
initiate, to begin, instruct, or enter into
iniurious, wrongfull, or hurtfull,
innauigable, that cannot be sailed vpon
innouate, make newe, young, begin.
innouation, making new, an alteration.
inoculated, grafted, or vnholed.
inordinate, out of order, disordered,
inquinate, to defile, or disgrace
inquisitiue, desirous, and diligent to finde
out by asking of questions.
inquisition, searching, or inquiring.
insatiable, that cannot bee filled or conten-
incend, clime vp, or mount vp
inscription, a title, or note written vppon
inscrutable, that cannot be searched into,
or throughly knowne.
insensible, that cannot be felt or perceiued.
inseperable, that cannot be deuided.
insert, to put in, or graft in.
insinuate, creepe into ones fauour craftilie,
also to signifie.
insist, to stay vpon:
insociable, that will not keepe company.
insolent, proude, disdainefull,
insperge, sprinkle, or cast vpon
inspire, breath or blow into
instable, inconstant, not steddie.
[fr] install, admit to a place of office, or ho-
instant, earnest, importunate,
instauration, repairing, renewing.
instigation, prouoking, or mouing forward.
instill, to put in, or drop in.
instinct, inward motion, or stirring.
institute, appoint, ordaine, begin, or go in
insulte, to triumphe, or vaunt ouer.
insupportable, not able to be borne
integritie, purenes, innocencie
intelligence, knowledge from others
intemperate, without measure or meane,
vnmodest in behauiour
intende, to purpose, or think
intentiue, earnestly bent, and musing
intercession, going betweene, or making
intreatie for another,
intercept, preuent, or take before
intercourse, mutuall accesse, or passage one
interdict, to forbid straitly
[fr] interest, loane, right, also a part in any
interline, draw a line betwixt, or to blot
out with a penne, and to write be-
interlocution, interrupting of anothers
intermedle, deale with
intermingle, mixe, or mingle with, or a-
intermission, forestowing, a pawsing,
(* contd. *)
or breaking of
interpellate, disturbed, hindered
interprete, open, make plaine, to shewe
the sence and meaning of a thing
interre, to burie
interrogation, a question, or asking
interrupt, breake of, or let
[fr] intire, whole, sound, vncorrupt
intestate, that dieth without making a will
intimate, to declare or signifie
intised, drawne, allured
[fr] intituled, called, noted, written on the
intractable, vnrulie, troublesome
intricate, inwrapped, doubtfull, hard to be
introduction, entrance, or leading in
intrude, to thrust ones selfe into the com-
pany of others, or enter in violently
inuade, to set vpon, to lay hold on
inueigle, intice, or deceiue by subtiltie, to
inueighe, to raile vppon bitterly
[fr] inuentory, table of goods
inuention, deuise, or imagination
[fr] inueloped, wrapped in, intangled
inuersion, turning vpside downe, turning
[fr] inuest, to adorne, or decke, or grace.
inueterate, of long continuance, growne in
inuincible, not to be wonne
inuisible, that cannot be seene or perceiued:
inuiolable, that cannot be broken
inuite, bid, request
invndation, an ouerflowing by water,
invocation, a calling vpon any thing with
trust in the same
irchin, a hedgehog.
ironie, (g) a mocking speech
irreligious, vngodly, wanting religion
irreprehensible, without reproofe
irreuocable, not to be recalled, or not to bee
irritate, to make angry
irruption, breaking in
[fr] issue, euent, or successe, or end:
iterate, to repeat, or do a thing often, or a-
iubilee, yeere of ioy, which happened to the
Iewes euery fiftie yeere.
iudaisme, worshipping one God without
lecherie, vnchastnesse, luxurie, and vnlaw-
[fr] leete, court
[fr] legacie, a gift by will, or an ambassage
[fr] legeiredemaine, lighthandednes, craftie
slights, and conueiance
legion, host, or band of souldiers
legitimate, lawfull, according to lawe, and
lenitie, gentlenes, mildnes
lethall, mortall, deadly
lethargie, (g) (k) a drowsie and forgetfull
leuell, right, straight
leuitie, lightnes, inconstancie
libertine, loose in religion, one that thinks
he may doe what he listeth
libell, a writing, or booke
librarie, a studie, a great number of bookes
licentious, taking libertie to doe euill
ligate, bound, tyed
ligament, the string tying the bones toge-
[fr] linage, stocke, kindred
limitation, appointment, how farre any
thing shall goe, restraining:
limit, bounds, border, or land marke, al-
so to set such bounds. &c.
liniament, a forme, or proportion by lines,
that are drawne
lingell, shoemakers threed
linguist, skilfull in tongues
linguish, to leaue or forsake
liquide, moist, melted:
litigious, quarrelous, full of strife
[fr] lieuetenant, deputie in anothers place
lithernesse, slouthfulnes, idlenes
loame, earth, or morter
logicall, (g) belonging to reason
[fr] lotarie, casting of lots.
[fr] lourdin, rude, clownish
[fr] loyall, obedient, trustie, constant
lumber, old stuffe
lunatick, wanting his wits, at a certaine
time of the age of the moone
lumpish, sad or sower countenance.
lustre, glistering, shinning
luxurious, riotous, and excessiue in plea-
(* contd. *)
sure, and wontonnesse.
MAcerate, to steepe in water, or make
madefie, dip, make wet
maffle, stammer, or stut
magicke, inchaunting, coniuring
magitian, (g) one vsing witchcraft
magnanimitie, valientnes, courage
magnifie, to extoll, or praise highly
[fr] mayre, leane
maiestie, the stately port and honourable
renowne of any
[fr] maladie, disease
[fr] malecontent, discontented
malediction, slaundring, ill report, or
backbiting, or cursing
malefactor, an euill doer
malepert, saucy, proud, snappish
[fr] maligne, to hate, with purpose to hurt
[fr] malignitie, naughtines, malice
malitious, hating, or enuying
manchet, fine white breade
mandate, a charge, or commaundement
[fr] maniacque, mad: braine sick
manicle, a fetter, for to bind the hands
manifest, opened, declared or reuealed
manuring, dung, tilling
[fr] mannage, handle
mansion, an abiding place
manuall, done with the hand
manumisse, to set free, or at libertie
maranatha, (g) accursed
[fr] marche, goe in aray, or goe forward
margent, edge, or brim of any thing
[fr] marte, a faire
[fr] massacre, kill, put to death
martiall, warlike, or valiant, or taking
paines and delight in warres
martyre, (g) witnes, one suffering death
for the faith of Christ
materiall, of some matter, or importance.
matron, an auncient, sober, and a discrete
mature, ripe, perfect, speedy
[fr] maugre, despight, against ones will
maxime, a principle, or sure ground in any
mechanicall, (g) (* synonyms *) handie
mechanick, craft. (* synonyms end *)
mediatour, aduocate, or surety, or one
making peace betwixt two
medicine, remedie, or cure
mediocritie, a measure, a meane
meditate, muse vpon, bethinke
meditation, the earnest minding or think-
ing vpon a thing
melancholie, (g) black choler, a humor of
solitarines, or sadnes
mellifluous, sweete as hony, yielding
melody, (g) sweete sounding, or sweete
memorable, worthie to be remembred
[fr] menace, to threaten
menstruous, defiled, or foule.
mentall, belonging to the minde
mercenary, seruing for wages, and hire-
meridian, pertaining to noone tide
meritorious, that deserueth, or set for ad-
metamorphosis, (g) a changing of one
shape, or likenes into another
metaphor, (g) similitude, or the putting
(* contd. *)
ouer of a word from his proper and na-
turall signification, to a foraine or vn-
meteors, (g) elementarie bodies, or moyst
things, ingendered of vapours in the
method, (g) an order, or readie way to
teach, or doo any thing
methodized, (g) brought into order
metropolitaine, (g) of the cheife citty.
microcosme, (g) a little world
militant, warring, or beeing in warres.
[fr] miguionise, play the wanton:
ministration, ministring, or seruice, or
charge to doo a thing:
minoritie, a mans time vnder age
miraculous, meruailous, or wonderfull:
[fr] mirrour, a looking-glasse
miscreants, infidels, mis-beleeuers:
misprission, concealement of a mans owne
misknow, to mistake purposely, to be igno-
mitigate, asswage, qualifie, or pacifie
mixation, (* synonyms *) mingling, or tempering
mixture, together. (* synonyms end *)
mobilitie, moouing or stirring.
moderate, temperate, or keeping a meane,
moderation, keeping due order and pro-
[fr] moderne, of our time
modest sober, demure
[fr] moitie, halfe.
mollifie, make soft
momentanie, that which lasteth but a
moment, weight, or importance, also a
monarch, (g) one ruling all the kingdoms
monarchie, (g) the rule of one prince a-
monasterie, (g) colledge of monks
monopolie, (g) a licence that none
shall buy and sell a thing, but one
monument, a remembrance of some nota-
ble act, as Tombs
moosell, to fetter
[fr] moote, argue, or dispute a case in law
moralitie, ciuill behauiour.
morall, pertaining to manners, behauior,
and life, among men
[fr] morgage, lay to pawne
morigerous, well mannered
mortall, that endeth ere hauing an end,
and dying deadly:
mortifie, kill, or make dead, and sence-
mortuarie, dutie paid for the dead,
motiue, cause moouing, or the thing, and
reason, that mooueth to doe any
[fr] mouldre, make small, turne to dust
mulct, a fine, penaltie, or punish-
multiplicitie, varietie, or diuersitie of
mundifie, to make cleane:
munition, defence, supportation, or
strength, and plentie of weapons, to
resist in warre.
municipall, priuately belonging to a free-
man, or burgesse of a cittie.
muses, (g) goddesses of learning.
[fr] mustaches, the hayre of the vpper
mutable, changeable, wauering.
muthologie, (g) expounding of the tales of
mutilate, wanting some part, maimed
mutuall, one for another
myrrhe, (g) sweet gumme
mysterie, (g) a secret, or hid thing:
mysticall, (g) that hath a misterie in it.
NArration, declaration, or report.
nationall, belonging, or consisting of
a nation, or kingdome.
natiue, where one was borne, or naturall.
natiuitie, birth, or the day of birth
nauigable, where ships may safely passe, or
that may be sailed vpon.
nauigation, sayling, or passing by water
necromancie, (g) blacke art, or coniuring,
by calling vpon spirits.
nectar, a pleasant drinke, which is feyned
to be the drinke of the gods.
negatiue, that denieth
negotiation, trafficke, or busines
neotericke, (g) one of late time
[fr] nevewe, a sonne or daughters sonne
[fr] nete, fine
neutrall, (* synonyms *) of neither
neuter, side: (* synonyms end *)
[fr] nice, slow, laysie
nicholaitan, (g) an heretike, like Nicholas,
who helde that wiues should bee com-
mon to all alike.
nominate, to name, or appoint
[fr] nonage, a childs time, vnder age
nonresidence, vnnecessary and wilfull ab-
sence, of any one from his place or
[fr] nonsuite, not following, or the ending
and giuing ouer of a suite
notable, worthy, meete to be regarded and
notarie, Scriuener, or register
notifie, to make knowne, or to giue war-
notion, inwarde knowledge, or vnder-
notorious, knowne to all, or made plaine
nuncupatory, telling, or declaring any
nuptiall, belonging to marriage
Obdurate, harden, or to make more hard
[fr] obeisance, obedience
obiect, laide, or set against, or that where-
on any thing resteth, or that where any
thing is occupied, or set a worke.
oblectation, recreation, delight
obliged, bound, or beholden
oblique, crooked, ouerthwart
obloquie, euill report
obnoxious, faultie, subiect to danger
obnubilate, to make darke.
obscæne, bawdie, filthy, ribauldrie
obscure, darke, or cloudie
obsequious, seruiceable, readie at hand
obseruant, dutifull, full of diligent ser-
obsession, besieging, or compassing about
obsolete, olde, past date, growne out of
vse or custome.
obstacle, hinderance or let
obstinate, froward, stubberne, or stiffe in
his owne opinion
obstruction, stopping, repressing
obtestate, humble, to beseech, or to call to
obtrectation, slaunder, euill report.
obtuse, dull or blunt:
occidental, belonging to the west
occluding, shutting fast:
[fr] occurrences, occasions, things that offer
themselues by the way:
ocean (g) the maine sea
odious, hateful, disdainfull
odor, smell, sent, or sauour:
odoriferous, sweet smelling
oeconomicke, (g) things that pertaine to
offensiue, giuing offence, offering wrong,
officiall, belonging to an office,
officious, dutifull, dilligent, very readie or
willing to please.
oligarchie, (g) a Common-wealth, where
two Princes equall haue all the autho-
(* contd. *)
oliuet, place of Oliues:
[fr] ombrage, shade, harbor, or bower to rest
ominous, that signifieth some good, or ill
omit, let passe, ouerslip.
omnipotent, almightie, great, or high
omni-scient, knowing all things
onerous, burdenous, or chargeable
onust, loaden, ouercharged
operation, (* synonyms *) working, or
operatiue, effect (* synonyms end *)
opinionate, hauing a good opinion of, or
standing on his owne opinion
oportunitie, fitnes, to any thing,
oppose, set againe
opposite, contrarie, or set euer against
oppressed, grieued, or violently wron-
opprobrious, reprochfull, to taunt, reuile,
or vpbraide with bad speeches.
oppugne, to labour against, to resist
option, choosing or wishing
oracle, (g) a speech or aunswere giuen from
oratorie, eloquent speech:
ordure, dung, filth,
originall, the first, or such as it was at the
organe, (g) an instrument to doo any thing
ornament, a decking, adorning, or trim-
orphant, (g) a childe without parents
[fr] ostages, pledges giuen and taken
orthographie, (g) true writing
[fr] ouerplus, more then needeth
[fr] outragious, fierce, vnreasonable.
PAcifie, to make quiet.
pactation, a couenanting or bargay-
[fr] palatine, belonging to a Princes Court,
palinodie, (g) a recanting, or vnsaying of
palpable, that may be felt, manifest:
pamphlet, a small treatise, or booke
parable, (g) similitude, or an applying of
some thing to our matter, fitly alleaged,
for some likenesse which it hath to our
paradise, (g) place of pleasure
paradoxe, (g) marueilous, or strange
[fr] paragon, patterne, example
paraleles, (g) lines, or other things as farre
off from one another, in one place as in
paramour, an amorous louer
paraphrase, (g) exposition of any thing by
parasite, (g) a base flatterer, or soothing
parenthesis, (g) a clause contayned in ano-
paricide, a murtherer of parents
[fr] parle, speech, or conference.
parsimonie, thriftines, sparing
participate, partake, deuide, or distribute,
to giue, or take part:
particularize, to deuide into parts, and to
handle euery particuler.
passeouer, one of the Jewes feasts, in re-
membrance of Gods passing ouer them,
when he slewe so many of the Egiptians
passion, suffering, griefe
pastorall, belonging to sheapheards
patheticall, (g) vehement, full of passions,
or mouing affections
patriarke, (g) chiefe father
patrimonie, fathers, gift, or goods left by a
[fr] patronage, defence, protection
paucitie, fewnes, or smale number
pause, thinke, stay, or rest
[fr] pauillion, tente
peerelesse, worthie, vnmatchable
peccaui, I haue offended.
peccant, offending, doing amisse
peculiar, proper, or specially belonging
penetrable, that may be pearsed
penitentiarie, one repenting, or doing pen-
[fr] pension, payment, yearely fee
[fr] pensiue, sorrowfull
pentecost, (g) whitsontide
penurie, want or extreame neede
perambulation, a walking about
peregrination, iourneing in a strange land
peremptorie, resolute, short
perforations, holes, or pierced through
perfidious, trayterous, vnfaithfull
perfricated, rubbed much
periclitation, ieopardie, or hazarding
period, (g) the end of a perfect sentence
periurie, forswearing, or breaking of ones
permanent, continuing, or a biding till the
permission, sufferance, leaue
permit, suffer, giue leaue
pernitious, dangerous, hurtfull
perpendicular, directly, downe right
perpetrate, to commit, or doe
perpetuitie, continuance for euer
perplexitie, troublesome, griefe, distresse,
persecute, trouble, afflict, or pursue
persist, (* synonyms *) continew, constantly,
perseuer, and resolutely. (* synonyms end *)
personate, to counterfaite, anothers per-
perspicacie, quicknes of sight, vnderstan-
perspicuous, euedent, cleare, that may bee
pertinacie, obstinacie, stifnes in opinion
perturbation, disquietnes, or trouble
peruerse, froward, mischeiuous
peruert, ouerthrowe, or turne vp side
[fr] pese, to weigh
peruicacie, obstinacie, stifneckednes
[fr] pesant, clowne
pest, the plague, or pestilence
pestiferous, contagious, hurtfull
petition, prayer, or request
[fr] pettigree, stock, or ofspring
petulancie, wantonnes, saucines.
phantasie, (g) imagination
philacteries, (g) scroles of parchment,
whereon, was writen the tenne com-
physiognomie, (g) knowledge of a mans
(* contd. *)
nature by his visage, and countenance
physicke, (g) medicine, helping, or curing
phlebotomie, (g) letting bloud
phrase, (g) forme of speach
philosophie, (g) study of wisdome
phrensie, (g) madnes
pietie, godliness, holines
[fr] pillage, spoile in warre, and sacking, of
pinguiditie, fatnes, or greasinesse
[fr] pilot, maister, guider of a ship
[fr] pionner, digger, or ditcher
piramis, (* synonyms *) (g) a steeple, or other build-
piramides, ing, or a pillar broade be-
neath, and sharpe aboue (* synonyms end *)
[fr] pirate, a robber on the sea
[fr] pittance, short, banquet
placable, easie to be pleased
planet, (g) wandring starre
[fr] plaintife, the partie complayning
plausible, pleasing, or receiued ioyfully, and
plenitude, fulnes, thicknesse
[fr] plonge, dippe, or put vnder the water
pluralitie, more then one
poeme, (g) verses of a poet
poet, (g) a verse maker
poetesse, a woman poet
pole, (g) the end of the axeltree whereon
the astronomers, faine the heauens to be
pollicie, a wittie shift
poligamie, (g) hauing moe wiues then
polish, to deck, or make faire, smooth,
sleeke, or shining
pollute, defile, or distaine, or make fil-
pomegarnet, or pomegranet, (k) (* synonyms *) fruite (* synonyms end *)
pompe, the countenance of things in fur-
niture, and setting foorth to the outward
ponderous, weightie, heauie
pontificall, lordly, sumptuous, bishop-
portable, that may be carried with ease.
popular, seeking the fauour of the people
by all meanes possible:
populus, full of people:
popularitie, pleasing the people,
position, a question to be disputed of
posteritie, they that come after by birth:
the age after vs.
postscript, written after
potion, a drinke,
[fr] pourtrait, draw the forme, or proportion
of a thing
practicall, (g) (* synonyms *)
pragmaticall, (* synonyms end *)
[fr] preamble, forespeech, a flourish, entrance,
precedent, going before
precept, a rule giuen, an admonition, or
precinct, compasse appointed:
predecessor, one that was in place before
predestinate, to appoint before.
prediction, afore telling, or prophecying
preheminence, excellent, rule, authoritie
preface, a speech before the matter it
prefigurate, forshewe by a figure
prefixed, set in the fore part
pregnant, wittie, substantiall, with
(* contd. *) child,
preiudicate, giuing his iudgment, before
he knoweth the man, or matter
preiudice, hindering ones cause, sentence,
an opinion deliuered before knowledge
of any thing
preludium, an entrance to any thing
premeditation, thinking of a matter before
[fr] premunire, forfeiture of goods
preoccupation, a preuenting by speech or
preordination, appointing before
preparatiue, that which maketh fit or pre-
preposterous, disorder, froward, topsiter-
uie, setting the cart before the horse, as
we vse to say
prerogatiue, priuiledge, or authoritie be-
presage, to tell before, to betoken, to fore-
presbitarie, (g) eldership
prescript, decree, or assignement
prescription, limitation, or appointing a
preseruatiue, that which defendeth
president, a chiefe, ruler next vnder the
presuppose, faine a thing to be before it
pretermit, to passe ouer, to forget willing-
preterlapsed, passed, or gone past
pretext, an excuse, colour, or pretence
preuarication, collusion, or betraying of a
cause or matter, for want of more ear-
primitiue, (* synonyms *) first, or formost,
primarie, or excellent, (* synonyms end *)
prioritie, being in the formost place, or in
greater excellencie and superioritie then
pristine, old, wonted, or accustomed
priuation, depriuing, vtter taking away,
priuiledge, prerogatiue, or liberty, more
then others haue
probable, that may be easilie proued to be
probation, alouance, tryall
probleme (g) proposition, or sentence
(* contd. *) in manner of a question.
proceede, goe forth, or goe forward,
processe, proceeding, passing forward,
procliuitie, inclination to any thing
proctcur, a factour, or solicitor.
procrastinate, to defer, or delay
prodigall, too riotous in spending
prodigious, wonderfull, giuing an ill
prodition, betraying, treason
profane, vngodly, not consecrated, or vn-
hallowing that which was holy.
profound, deepe, or high.
profusion, pouring out wastfully,
progenie, ofspring, generation, or issue of
progenitor, a fore-father, or grandfather.
prognosticate, (g) to know or giue out be-
fore-hand, or to tell afore-hand what
progresse, a going forward:
prohibit, to forbid, or giue straight charge
to the contrary.
proiect, a plot, or wise contriuing of any
thing, or casting forth
prolixe, tedious, long, or large.
prolocutor, a speaker for another
prologue, a preface, or forespeech
prolong, stretch out, or defer.
promote, to honor or aduaunce to greater
dignitie, and higher place
prompt, ready, quicke:
promulgation, publishing openly, or pro-
prone, ready, or inclining
[fr] prowesse, valiantnesse
propagate, to enlarge, or multiply.
prophecie, (g) foretell, or expound
prophet, (g) he that prophecieth
propitiation, a sacrifice to appease Gods
propitiatorie, that which reconcileth, or
which purchaseth mercie, at the mercie
propitious, not displeased, fauourable
proportion, equalnes, measure:
propose, propound, set before, or shew
proprietie, propertie, owing, or challeng-
ing as his owne, and none others:
proroge, put off, prolong, deferre
proscription, a condemnation, or banish-
ment proclaimed, or an open
(* contd. *) sale.
prose, that writing which is not verse.
proselite, (g) stranger conuerted to our re-
ligion or manners:
prosequute, follow after, or finish
prospect, a sight a farre off.
prostitute, set open for vncleanesse, to set
foorth to sale.
prostrate, to cast downe, or fall downe flat
on the ground.
protect, defend, saue, or couer:
protest, to affirme, and declare openly:
protract, deferre, or prolong, or draw out
prouident, forseeing with wise considera-
tion, and prouiding aforehand
prouinciall, iurisdiction, belonging to a pro-
uince, or outcountry
prouocation, prouoking, enforcing, vrging
pressing, or alluring
prudence, wisdome, wittinesse
publicane, a farmer, or common man of a
[fr] pulers, dust, or pouders
puluirisated, beaten, or broken into dust, or
purifie, purge, scoure, or make cleane
[fr] pursuit, following after
putrifie, to waxe rotten, or corrupted as a
pulsillanimitie, faint-hartednes, cowardli-
[fr] puissant, strong, valiant
quadrant, (* synonyms *) foure square, or
quadrate, a quarter. (* synonyms end *)
quartane, belonging to, or comming euery
queach, thicke heape
querimonious, full of complaining, and la-
[fr] quintessence, chiefe vertue, drawne by
art out of many compounds together.
quondam, heeretofore, in times past
[fr] quote, cite, preuent
quotodian, daily, that happeneth euery
RAcha, fie, a note of extreame anger,
signified by the gesture of the person
that speaketh it, to him that he speaketh to.
radicall, partaining to the roote, naturall:
radiant, shining bright:
[fr] rallie, gather together men dispersed, and
out of order.
[fr] rampar, fortification, or trench
rapacitie, (* synonyms *) violent, catching, extortion, or
rapine, pillage, or rauening. (* synonyms end *)
raritie, scarsenes, fewnes
ratifie, establish, or confirme
[fr] rauish, take away by force,
[fr] raunged, ordered, or put into order
reachlesse, carelesse, or negligent:
reall, substantiall, or that is indeed subsi-
recantation, an vnsaying of that which was
recapitulation, a briefe rehearsing againe
of any thing
receptacle, a place to receiue things in
reciprock, or (* synonyms *) that hath respect back a
reciprocall, gaine to the same thing. (* synonyms end *)
recite, rehearse, or repeate
reclaime, to gainesay, or call back againe:
[fr] recognissance, acknowledging, or a signe
of acknowledging, and confessing any
[fr] recoile, goe backe.
reconcile, bring into fauour, or to make
records, writings layde vp for remem-
recreate, refresh, comfort,
recourse, a running backe againe
rectifie, to make right or straight
redeeme, purchase, buy againe, or raun-
redemption, a buying againe
[fr] redresse, correct, amend.
reduce, to bring back againe
reduction, a bringing backe
redundant, ouerflowing, or abounding too
reedifie, build vp againe
reestablish, to settle againe as before
refection, a refreshing, or recreating.
refell, to confute, or proue false
reference, a pointing at, or alluding to
referre, put ouer, or to report himselfe vn-
refine, repaire, renue, or amend
reflection, casting backe, or bowing, tur-
ning backe againe
refractarie, wilful in opinion, obstinate.
[fr] refraine, abstaine from, keepe in
refuge, succour, or place of safetie
refulgent, shining bright
refute, to disproue
regall, princly, like a King
regenerate, borne againe
regeneration, a new birth,
regent, a Gouernor, or Ruler
regiment, gouernment, guidance, rule, or
register, kalender, a reckoning booke
regrator, huckster, or one that buyeth any
thing, and trims it vp to make it more
regresse, returning backe againe
reguler, made according to rule and order.
reiect, fling, cast away, or refuse
[fr] reioynder, a thing added afterwards, or
is when the defendant maketh answere
to the replication of the plaintife.
reiterate, to doo, or repeate againe the same
relate, report, rehearse, or declare
relation, pointing, reporting, or referring
relatiue, hauing relation vnto
relaxation, refreshing, releasing,
release, free, quit:
[fr] reliefe, ayde, helpe, or succour.
reliques, the remainder.
relinquish, to leaue, or forsake
remarkable, able or worthy to be marked a-
remisse, loose, negligent, or dull, or too fa-
remit, forgiue, release, or acquite.
[fr] remorse, prick of conscience
remote, set a farre of
remuneration, rewarding, or requiting
renouate, renew, or repaire
renounce, forsake, or resigne
[fr] renoume, credite, fame, report
reparation, a renewing
[fr] repast, foode
[fr] repeale, call backe againe
repell, to put, or thrust backe
repercussiue, striking, or rebounding back
replete, filled full
repleueying, redeeming of a gage, or any
thing in prison:
replie, to confirme a speech before vttered.
[fr] repose, put, wholly, to rest
represent, expresse, beare shew of a thing
represse, put downe, to let or stop
reprobate, a cast away, out of fauour, a
forlorne person, and one past grace
[fr] reproch, shame, disgrace
republicke, a Common-wealth
repugnancie, contrarietie, or disagreement
repugne, to resist, oppose, stand against
repulse, to put, or driue backe
repute, account, or esteeme:
requisite, required as necessary:
reserue, to keepe for the time to come
resident, abiding or continuing in his place.
resignation, a yeelding vp, or restoring of a-
resigne, giue ouer to another
resolue, to vnloose, to satisfie, to purpose
[fr] resort, accesse, or comming to
respiration, breathing out.
[fr] respite, defer, or delay the time, to breath
resplendent, shining bright
restauration, restoring, or reuiuing
restitution, restoring, satisfaction
restrained, beeing held in, or brideled
resume, take againe
[fr] retire, to giue backe, or goe back
reteyne, keepe backe
retort, to turne, or wrest backward
[fr] retract, going backe
retrograde, going backward
[fr] reuell, play the wanton
reuerend, worthy of reuerence
reueale, lay open, disclose, or make known
a matter of secret
reuert, to returne
[fr] reuenewe, rents comming in
reuoke, to call backe, or draw back
[fr] reuolt, forsake one, to goe to another his
reuelue, to tosse vp and downe, to deter-
mine well of in the mind
rhetorician, (g) learned and skilfull in rhe-
rhetoricke, (g) art of eloquence
rheume, (g) or catarre, (* synonyms *) a distilling of hu-
mours from the head (* synonyms end *)
ridiculous, that deserueth to be laughed at
[fr] sallie, to step out from the rest of the ar-
mie, to make a skermish
saluation, a sauing
sanctifie, hallowe, make holy, or keepe
sanctitie, (* synonyms *) holi-
sanctmonie, nes. (* synonyms end *)
sanctuarie, holy place, saue, defend
sandals, (g) slippers
sanguine, bloudy, or of the colour of
sanitie, health, or soundnes
satiate, filled, satisfied
satietie, fulnes, plentie
satisfaction, a making amends for wrongs,
satisfactorie, that dischargeth, or answer-
saturate, filled, or glutted
saturitie, fulnesse, or plentifulnesse
[fr] sauage, wild, cruell, or rude
satyre, (g) a nipping and scoffing verse
satericke, (* synonyms *) belonging to a
satiricall, scoffing verse. (* synonyms end *)
scandalize, (g) to offend, or giue occasion,
scandall, (g) an offence, or stumbling
[fr] scarifie, to launce, or open a sore
[fr] schedule, obligation, or bill of ones hand.
schisme, breach, or diuision in matters of
schismatike, that maketh a schisme
science, knowledge, or skill
scruple, doubt, difficultie
scrutiny, dilligent search, inquiry
scrupulous, full of doubts
scurrilitie, saucie, scoffing
seclude, shutout, or put a part
sectarie, one whom many other doe followe
sect, a diuersitie in opinion from others
section, a deuision, or parting
secular, worldly, of the world
secundarie, the second, or of the second sort
securitie, carelessenes, feare of nothing
sediment, that which sinketh to the bot-
seditious, making contention
seduce, deceiue, or deuide, or leade aside
sedulitie, dilligence or carefulnes
[fr] segniorie, lordship
segregate, to set a part, or seperate
[fr] seize, to forfaite to the prince
select, to choose out from others
semicircle, halfe a circle, or compasse
seminarie, a nurserie, or seede plot for
young trees, or grafts
senator, alderman, or counsailer
sense, feeling, or perceiuing
sensible, easily felt, or perceiued
sensuall, brutish, pertaining to the flesh, and
sententious, full of fine sentences, and
[fr] sentinell, watching by night
seperation, deuiding, seuering, or parting
one from another
sepulcher, graue, or tombe
sepulte, burie, or lay in the ground
sequele, following, or that which follow-
sequester, to put into an indifferent mans
hands, to deuide, keepe or iudge of
serious, earnest, or of waight, and impor-
serpentine, of, or like a serpent
seruitude, bondage, or slauery
seuere, sharpe, curst, or cruell
seueritie, sharpnes, roughnes
significant, plainely signifying
simile, or, (* synonyms *) likenes, or re-
similitude, semblance. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] simonie, when spirituall matters, are
bought, and solde for money
sinister, vnhappie, bad, vnlawefull, or con-
sincere, pure, vncorrupt, vnmingled, or
singularitie, being like no body else, in o-
pinion, or other wayes
situation, setting, or standing of any place.
sleight, guile, craft, or subtiltie.
smatterer, some what learned, or one ha-
uing but a little skill
snatch, to take hastely
[fr] soare, mount high
sociall, or (* synonyms *) fellowe like, one that wil
sociable, keepe company, or one with
(* contd. *) whom a man may easily keepe com-
pany. (* synonyms end *)
societie, fellowship, company
sodomitrie, when one man lyeth filthylie
with another man
[fr] soiourne, remaine in a place
solemnize, to doe a thing with great
pompe, reuerence, or deuotion
[fr] solicite, moue
solide, sound, heauie, not hollowe
solitarie, alone, or without company
solution, vnloosing, or paying
sophister, (g) cauiller, or craftie disputer
sophistikation, (* synonyms *) a cauilling, deceit-
sophisme, full speech. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] sotte, foole, dunse
[fr] soueraigne, chiefe, or highest in autho-
[fr] source, waue, or issuing foorth of water
[fr] soile, foule, or durtie
spatious, large, wide, or broade
specifie, signifie, or declare particularly
specke, spot, or marke
spectacle, a thing to be looked at
sphære, (g) round circle, or any thing that
(* contd. *) is round
spicerie, a place to keepe spice in
splendent, glistering, shinning
spongeous, like a sponge
spousals, betrothings, or contracts
spume, fome, or froth
stabilitie, surenes, certaine, strong
stable, sure, stedfast
stablished, sure, confirmed, one made
station, a standing place
statue, an image of wood, or any other
stature, height, bignes
stigmaticall (g) knauish, noted for a lewd
naughty fellowe, burnt through the eare
for a rogue.
stile, manner, or forme of speech, or wri-
stillatorie, a distilling place
stipendarie, one that serueth for wages
stipulation, a solemne couenant
strangle, kill, or hang
stratageme, a pollicie, or wittie shift in
strict, straight, seuere, or sharpe.
strictnes, narrownes, or smalenes
studius, dilligent, desirous of lear-
stupefie, to astonish
stupiditie, astonishment, dulnes
suasorie, containing counsaile and exhorta-
subalterne, succeeding, following by course
subdued, kept vnder, or brought in subiec-
sublimity, height, highnes
sublime, set on high, lift vp
submisse, lowly, humble, brought in sub-
[fr] suborne, to procure false witnes
subscribe, write vnder, or to agree with an-
other in any matter
subsequent, following hard by
subsiste, to abide, or haue a being
substitute, a deputie, or one set in place of
substract, (* synonyms *) take from, with-
subtract, drawe. (* synonyms end *)
subtill, craftie, wilie, deceitfull
subuerte, to turne vpside downe, to de-
(* contd. *) stroy.
succeede, followe, or come in anothers
successor, he that comes in place of another
succincte, shorten, or briefe, or close girt
suggest, prompt, tell priuily, or put in mind
suffixed, fastened vnto
suffocate, to choake vp, or strangle
suffragane, a bishops deputie, or hel-
suffrage, consent, or voice, or helpe
suggest, a high place, or pulpit
[fr] summarie, an abridgement, or thing
drawne into a lesse compasse
summarilie, briefely, in fewe words
[fr] sumptuous, costly, rich
supererogation, giuing more then is re-
superabundant, (* synonyms *) needelesse, vnnecessarie
ouer much, that which
superfluous, runneth ouer. (* synonyms end *)
superficies, vpper side, or out side
superficiall, taking onely the outside, and
superioritie, place aboue another
superscription, writing aboue
superstitious, feareful in matters of religi-
on without cause, one giuen to false and
supplant, ouerthrowe, or trippe, with the
supplement, that which maketh vp, or ad-
deth that which wanteth in any thing
[fr] supple, make soft, or gentle
supplication, request, or prayer
[fr] suppliant, humbly intreating
support, beare vp, or conuaie vnder
supposition, supposing, thinking, iudging,
suppresse, keepe downe, conceale, or keepe
supreme, the highest, or greatest
supremacie, chiefedome, or highest place in
authoritie aboue all others
[fr] surcease, to giue ouer, or cease
[fr] surcharge, ouercharge, hurt
[fr] surmount, (* synonyms *) exceede, or
surpasse, goe beyond (* synonyms end *)
surplus, more then inough
[fr] surprise, to come vpon, and vnawares,
and to take of a suddaine.
surrender, to yield vp to another
[fr] surrogate, a deputie in anothers place
[fr] suruiue, ouer liue, or liue after
suspense, doubt, or vncertaintie
sustained, suffered, or endured
swarth, darke, or blackish
swarue, goe awry erre.
sycophant, (g) tale bearer or false accu-
symball, (g) creede
symmetrie, (g) a due proportion of one part
sympathie, (g) fellowelike feeling.
symptome, (g) any griefe, or passion, fol-
lowing a disease
synagogue, (g) place of assemblie
synode, (g) a generall assemblie, or mee-
[fr] Tablet, little table
tabernacle, a tent, or pauilion
tacite, still, silent, saying nothing
taciturnite, silence, or keeping counsaile
[fr] tapish, lie downe, hide it selfe
taxed, seised, appointed to pay a subsidie
temerarious, rash, vnaduised, or haire-
temeritie, rashnes, vnaduisednes
temperance, sobrietie, moderation
temperate, keeping a meane, moderate
temperature, (* synonyms *) temperatenes, meane,
temperament, or due proportion. (* synonyms end *)
tempestuous, boisterous, or stormie
temporall, that which indureth but for a
temporarie, for a time
temporise, to serue the time, or to followe
the fashions, and behauiour of the
tenuitie, smalenesse, or slendernesse
[fr] tenure, hold, or manner of holding a pos-
termination, ending, finishing, or boun-
[fr] teritorie, region, or the countrie lying a-
bout the citie.
tertian, belonging to euery third day
testament, last will
testimonies, records, depositions or wit-
tetrarch, (g) gouernour, or prince of a
fourth part, of a country
theologie. (g) diuinitie, the science of liuing
blessedly for euer
theoricke, (g) the contemplation, or inward
knowledge, of any art
throne, (g) a kings seate, or chaire of
throtle, strangle, hang, or torment
thwart, crosse, or mock
timerous, fearefull, abashed
tincture, a colour, die, or staining
tolerable, that which may be suffered
tone, (g) a tune, note, or accent
[fr] trace, find out by the foote steppes
tractable, easie to handle, or easie to be en-
tractate, a treatise, or booke, handling any
[fr] tracte, a space, or length
tradition, a deliuering from one to ano-
traduce, to slaunder, reproach, or defame,
(* contd. *) to bring in, or drawe from one to ano-
[fr] traffique, bargayning
tragedian, a maker, or player, of a tragedy.
tragedie, (g) a solemne play, describing
cruell murders and sorrowes
tragicall, cruell, sorrowfull, like a tragedy.
[fr] traine, followers, company
tranquilitie, quietnes, or calmenes, or
transcendent, climing ouer, mounting vp
transferre, conceiue ouer
transforme, (* synonyms *) change from one fashion, to
transfigure, another (* synonyms end *)
transgresse, breake, offende or goe ouer
[fr] transitorie, soone passing away, not long
translation, altering, chaunging
transmigration, a passing from one place, to
dwell in another.
transmutation, a change from one place,
transome, lintell ouer a dore
transparent, that which may bee seene
transport, carie ouer, from one place to
transubstantiation, a changing of one sub-
stance into another
[fr] trauerse, strike, or thrust through
triangle, (* synonyms *) three cor-
triangular, nered. (* synonyms end *)
tribe, a company, ward, or hundred
[fr] tribulation, trouble, sorrowe, anguish
tribunall, iudgement seate
[fr] tributarie, that payeth tribute
[fr] tribute, rent, pension, or subsidie
tripartite, threefold, or deuided into three
triuiall, common, of smale estimation
triumph, great ioy outwardly shewed
triumphant, reioycing for the conquest
[fr] trompe, deceiue
troncheon, stake, or billet
trophee, a victorie, or any thing set in
signe of victorie
tropickes, (g) circles in the heauen which
when the sunne comes too, beginnes
to returne againe.
[fr] troupe, company, or band of men in an
trucheman, an interpreter
truculent, cruell, or terrible in counte-
tumult, vprore, hurly, burly or insurrec-
tumultuous, (* synonyms *) troublous, disturbing
turbulent, or disquieting. (* synonyms end *)
tiranize, vse crueltie
type, (g) figure, example, shadowe of any
Vacant, voyde, or emptie
vacation, a time of ceasing from labour
[fr] vagabonde, runnagate, one that will stay
validitie, strength, or force, or value
valour, force, courage, or strength
value, price, or estimation
[fr] vanquish, ouercome, preuaile, conquer,
vapor, moisture, ayre, hote breath, or rea-
varietie, change, or diuersitie
[fr] vassall, slaue, client
vaste, spoiled, destroyed, emptie
[fr] vauntcourers, forerunners
vbiquitie, presence of a person in all places.
vegetable, springing, or growing, as
vehement, earnest, strong, forcible
vendible, saileable, easie, and readie to be
venerable, worshipfull, or reuerende
veneriall, (* synonyms *) fleshly, or lecherous,
venerous, giuen to lecherie. (* synonyms end *)
veniall, that which may be pardoned
ventricle, the stomacke which receiues the
venuste, faire, beautifull
verbatim, word by word, perfectly
verbositie, much talking, and pratling
verifie, to proue it to be true
versifie, make verses
vertigiousnes, lightnes, or a swimming of
vestall, a nunne, vowing chastitie
vesture, (* synonyms *) garment, attire, or
vestiment, clothing. (* synonyms end *)
[fr] viand, victailes
[fr] viceroy, one set as a deputie in the Kings
vicegerent, one that supplyeth the place of
vicious, faultie, or full of vice
victorious, that hath gotten many victo-
viewe, behold, marke, or consider, or looke
vigilance, watchfull, dilligence.
vigour, strength, courage, or force
vincible, that may be wonne, or easily o-
vineyard, orchard of grapes
violate, to transgresse, defile, deflowre, or
violent, forcible, cruell, iniurious:
viperine, like a viper, or of a viper.
virago, a woman of manly courage
virulent, full of poyson, venemous.
[fr] visage, face, forme, or shape.
vision, sight, apparition, or a phantasie.
visible, that may be seene
visitation, going to see
vitall, liuely, or pertayning to life.
vitiate, to corrupt, or deflower, and defile.
viuificent, liuely, or full of strength
viuifie, to quicken, or make aliue:
vlcer, bile, or botch
vlcerate, to blister, or make full of sores
vnconceaueable, not able to be conceiued
vnacessible, that cannot be come to.
vnanimitie, one consent of hart and mind
vndermine, graue, dig
vnguent, an oyntment, or fat iuyce
vnitie, (* synonyms *) peace, or
vnion, concord (* synonyms end *)
vnitie, to make one thing of two, or moe,
to couple, or ioyne:
vnsatiable, not content
vniformitie, one and the same fashion
vniuersall, generall, common:
vocall, with the voice, or pertaining to the
vocation, calling, estate, or trade of life.
vnsatiable, that neuer hath enough, neither
can be satis-fied:
volubilitie, swiftnes, or inconstancie voluntary, of the owne accord, without be-
ing taught, or vrged.
voluptuous, giuen to pleasure
[fr] vpbraid, rise in ones stomach, cast in ones
vrbanitie, curtesie, good manners, or gen-
vrgent, earnestly calling vpon, forcing
[fr] vsurpe, take vnlawfull authoritie, or to
vse against right and reason.
[fr] vtensiles, things necessary for our vse in
house-keeping, or in a trade.
vlgar, common, much vsed
ZOdiack, (g) a circle in the heauen,
wherein be placed the 12. signes, and
in which the Sunne is mooued.
Alston, R. C. (1973).
The English Dictionary [Volume 5]. A Bibliography of the English Language.
Leeds: University of Leeds. Cawdrey, Robert. (1604).
A Table Alphabeticall of Hard Usual English Words. London: Edmund Weaver
(1609 [Second Edition], 1613 [Third Edition], 1617 [Fourth Edition]). [Facs. repr. of 1604] Gainesville: Scholars'
Facsimiles and Reprints, 1966. Irons, E. A. (1916). "Sir Robert Cawdrie: Rector of South Luffenham, 1571-87." 23-33 in
Report and Transactions of the Stanford and Rutland Archaelogical Society. Noyes, Gertrude E. (1943). "The First English Dictionary, Cawdrey's
Table Alphabeticall." Modern
Language Notes 58: 600-605. Peters, Robert A. (1968). "Robert Cawdrey and the First English Dictionary."
Journal of English
Linguistics 2: 29-42. -----. (1966). "Introduction." v-xiv in Robert Cawdrey.
A Table Alphabeticall. Gainesville: Scholars'
Facsimiles and Reprints. Riddell, James A. (1974). "The Beginning: English Dictionaries of the First Half of the Seventeenth Century."
Leeds Studies in English [New Series] 7: 117-151. -----. (1983). "Some Additional Sources for Early English Dictionaries."
Huntington Library Quarterly 46:
223-235. Schafer, Jurgen. (1970). "The Hard Word Dictionaries: A Re-Assessment."
Leeds Studies in English [New
Series] 4: 31-48. -----. (1982). "Chaucer in Shakespeare's Dictionaries: The Beginning."
The Chaucer Review 17: 182-
192. -----. (1980). "Elizabethan Glossaries: A Computer-assisted Study of the Beginnings of Elizabethan Lexicography."
Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing Bulletin 8: 36-41. -----. (1989).
A Survey of Monological Printed Glossaries and Dictionaries 1475-1640. [Volume 1].
Early Modern English Lexicography. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Siemens, R. G. "The Acorn of the Oak: A Stylistic Approach to Lexicographical Method in Robert Cawdrey's
Table Alphabeticall." 109-21 in Ian Lancashire and T. Russon Wooldridge, eds. Early Dictionary
Databases. [ CCH Working Papers 4.] Toronto: Centre for Computing in the Humanities, 1994. Reprinted
in Dictionnairique et Lexicographie (forthcoming). Starnes, de Witt T. (1937). "English Dictionaries of the Seventeenth Century."
Texas Studies in English
17: 20-4. ------, and Gertrude E. Noyes. (1991).
The English Dictionary from Cawdrey to Johnson. Amsterdam:
John Benjamins [repr.]. Stein, Gabriele. (1985).
The English Dictionary Before Cawdrey. Tubingen: Max Niemeyer. Zgusta, Ladislav. (1983). "'Hard Words' - 'schwierge Worter' in der alteren englischen einsprachigen
Lexikographie." 220-36 in Wortschatz und Verstandigungsprobleme. Jahrbuch 1982 des Instituts fur
deutsche Sprache ( Sprache der Gegenwart 57). Dusseldorf: Schwann.
(c) R. G. Siemens, University of British Columbia, December 5, 1994;